medulla oblongata


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Related to medulla oblongata: cerebellum, pons, hypothalamus, midbrain, spinal cord

medulla ob·lon·ga·ta

 (ŏb′lông-gä′tə)
n. pl. medulla ob·lon·ga·tas or me·dul·lae ob·lon·ga·tae (mĭ-dŭl′ē ŏb′lông-gä′tē)
The lowermost portion of the vertebrate brain, continuous with the spinal cord, responsible for the control of respiration, blood pressure and heart rate, and certain other involuntary bodily functions.

[New Latin medulla oblongāta : Latin medulla, medulla + New Latin oblongāta, feminine of oblongātus, oblong.]

medulla oblongata

(ˌɒblɒŋˈɡɑːtə)
n, pl medulla oblongatas or medullae oblongatae (mɪˈdʌliː ˌɒblɒŋˈɡɑːtiː)
(Anatomy) the lower stalklike section of the brain, continuous with the spinal cord, containing control centres for the heart and lungs
[C17: New Latin: oblong-shaped medulla]

medul′la ob•long•a′ta

(ˌɒb lɔŋˈgɑ tə, -lɒŋ-)
n., pl. medulla oblongatas.
the lowest or hindmost part of the vertebrate brain, continuous with the spinal cord.
[1670–80; < New Latin: the long medulla]

medulla ob·lon·ga·ta

(ŏb′lông-gä′tə)
The lowermost portion of the brainstem in humans and other mammals. It regulates many involuntary functions, such as breathing and circulation.

medulla oblongata

The lowest part of the brain stem, which contains the vital centers controlling heartbeat and respiration.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.medulla oblongata - lower or hindmost part of the brainmedulla oblongata - lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata); "the medulla oblongata is the most vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning"
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
brain stem, brainstem, brain-stem - the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
respiratory center - the center in the medulla oblongata and pons that integrates sensory information about the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood and determines the signals to be sent to the respiratory muscles
References in periodicals archive ?
In which organ of the body can the medulla oblongata be found?
medulla oblongata, cerebellum, thalamus, hippocampus, cortex, caudate nucleus), in particular in some areas (Figure; online Technical Appendix Figure 3).
However, when only cR2 is affected, as suggested by the crossed type of the abnormality hypothesis, it is better to localize the pathology to the brainstem and restrict it to the caudal pons and medulla oblongata rather than the suprasegmental levels.
Mycobacterium leprae in neurons of the medulla oblongata and spinal cord in leprosy.
The cranial tomography examination to explain his nonspecific neurological symptoms showed bilateral calcifications in the temporal, parietal, frontal, occipital lobes, basal ganglia, cerebellar hemisphere and medulla oblongata posteriorly.
The spinal cord is an extension of the central nervous system, extending from the medulla oblongata till the lower border of L 1 vertebra in adults1.
It also stimulates parasympathetic spinal area in the medulla oblongata (situated at the bottom of the brain and on the top of spinal cord), which regulates heart rate, respiration and blood pressure.
1, 5) Most sites are therefore supratentorial, more so in infants than in older children, (3) but rare instances have been described of teratomas in the cerebellar vermis, fourth ventricle and the medulla oblongata.
Histological preparations of the left loop of cerebellum, cerebral cortex, and medulla oblongata were done as mentioned by Allam et al.
Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), on admission [Figure 1], revealed a high signal intensity lesion involving basis pontis and medulla oblongata on both the T2-weighted image [Figure 1]b and fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) [Figure 1]d.
Many anatomic locations including especially medulla oblongata and hypothalamus have been blamed in occurence of NPE (10).
Uber Veranderungen des Kleinhirns, des Pons unde der Medulla Oblongata infolge von congenitaler Hydrocephalie des Grosshirns.