ni was crossed with a highly inbred susceptible laboratory strain, and progeny had increased midgut protease and hemolymph melanization
activities (Wang et al.
This response involves phagocytosis, hemocyte aggregation, nodulation/encapsulation, synthesis of antimicrobial peptides, and activation of proteolytic cascades leading to tissue melanization
(Hall 1999, Burnett & Burnett 2015).
and morphological effects on antifungal susceptibility of Penicillium marneffei.
For the melanin pigmentation, the sex-linked Id locus has causal relationship with dermal melanization
Additionally, [alpha]-2-M is considered a regulator of the proPO system which, in its active form (PO), participates in the melanization
process of pathogens and damaged tissues.
Crustaceans are considered as carrying a simple and primitive immune system, where the cellular reactions for defense frequently are followed by a process of melanization
The authors noted the defense capacity of cell aggregation and melanization
around the point of infection, in addition to the encapsulation and isolation of nodules, which, according to the authors, intensifies as the fungus takes longer to act.
Homogenates were collected in cold tubes (on ice) previously coated with crystals of phenylthiourea to prevent melanization
affects susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans to heat and cold.
Fielding & Defoliart (2005) recorded that crowding induces melanization
in nymphs of A4, sanguinipes.
Epicatechin and catechin may prevent coffee berry disease by inhibition of appressorial melanization
of Colletotrichum kahawae.
An immune-induced reeler protein is involved in the Bombyx mori melanization