Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to melioidosis: Burkholderia pseudomallei


An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, occurring in a wide range of animals chiefly in Southeast Asia and presenting in humans with a focal infection, usually of the lungs, bones, or skin, that can become chronic.

[New Latin mēlioīdōsis : Greek mēlis, a disease of asses usually taken to be glanders + -oid + -osis.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Preclinical efficacy and safety has been demonstrated in numerous animal disease models including mucositis, colitis, macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) as well as bacterial infections, including melioidosis.
The global aquafeed market is expected to grow at a considerable rate due to rising seafood consumption, increasing consumer concerns and regulatory pressure to maintain high quality of fishes to avoid any outbreak of diseases (salmonella, botulism, melioidosis).
Under a cost-sharing contract, BARDA and VenatoRx will share the costs of all studies needed to bring the drug to market, including planned pivotal Phase 3 clinical trials to treat cUTI, hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia, carbapenem-resistant pathogens and a data package to potentially support the use of cefepime/VNRX-5133 in the treatment of melioidosis and glanders.
Threats of bioterrorism and the ease of global travel have led nations to also be concerned about diseases such as tularemia, plague, and melioidosis (1).
pseudomallei, therefore serological differentiation between melioidosis and glanders through reference complement fixation test (CFT) is not possible particularly in the regions endemic with melioidosis (Naureen et al., 2007; Kumar et al., 2011; Singha et al., 2014; Ghori et al., 2017).
Melioidosis, an emerging underdiagnosed infectious disease is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a Gram negative bacillus commonly found in the soil of tropical countries.
Categories Diseases/Agents A Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis), Botulism (Clostridium botulinum), Plague (Yersinia pestis), Smallpox (Variola major), Tularemia (Francisella tularensis), Viral hemorrhagic fevers B Brucellosis (Brucella species), epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens, food safety threats (e.g., Salmonella species, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella), Glanders (Burkholderia mallei), melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei), Psittacosis (Chlamydia psittaci), Q fever (Coxiella burnetii), ricin toxin from Ricinus communis (castor beans),Staphylococcal enterotoxin B, Typhus fever (Rickettsia prowazekii), viral encephalitis [alphaviruses (e.g.
This specimen was sent to a commercial laboratory in New Jersey, which identified Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative organism of melioidosis, on August 30.
He dictated most of the stories from a sickbed, since he had come down with an obscure East Asian bacterial disease, melioidosis.
Kunnathuparambil et al (10) described melioidosis in a 47 year old male who was treated as case of splenic tuberculosis based on splenic lesions on imaging and fever.