meliorism


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mel·io·rism

 (mēl′yə-rĭz′əm, mē′lē-ə-)
n.
1. The belief that the human condition can be improved through concerted effort.
2. The belief that there is an inherent tendency toward progress or improvement in the human condition.

[Latin melior, better; see mel- in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

mel′io·rist n.
mel′io·ris′tic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

meliorism

(ˈmiːlɪəˌrɪzəm)
n
(Philosophy) the notion that the world can be improved by human effort
[C19: from Latin melior better]
ˈmeliorist adj, n
ˌmelioˈristic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

mel•io•rism

(ˈmil yəˌrɪz əm, ˈmi li ə-)

n.
the doctrine that the world tends to become better or may be made better by human effort.
[1855–60; < Latin melior better + -ism]
mel′io•rist, n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

meliorism

the doctrine that the world tends to become better of itself, or that it may improve more rapidly by proper human assistance. Cf. optimism, pessimism.meliorist, n.melioristic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
the doctrine that the world tends to get better or may be made better by human effort. — meliorist, n., adj. — melioristic, adj.
See also: Improvement
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.meliorism - the belief that the world can be made better by human effortmeliorism - the belief that the world can be made better by human effort
belief - any cognitive content held as true
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of concentrating on rational meliorism, time is invested on manipulating the media and propaganda to accumulate power, exterminating opponents and expanding their power base through nepotism.
The book goes against one particular naivete related to the ideas of progress and meliorism. There is a common assumption that society develops in a linear manner, from unjust to more harmonious, by the means of human effort.
Nevertheless, Adichie undauntedly preaches meliorism and seeks an end to racism, ethnocentrism, tribalism and ethnicity in the novel.
Founding editor Norman Lamm stated in its first issue: "The modern Jew has, by and large, given up his pat, dogmatic answers of doctrinaire liberalism and meliorism, and has now turned for direction to the classical sources of Jewish life." (18) The ferment which these journals expressed and channeled gave rise to a religious discourse that explored anew the notion of tradition and transformed it to make it meaningful for postwar American Jews.(19)
In an essay on three books on American utopianism (also under review here), the writer Akash Kapur held that the best alternative to utopianism was bourgeois "meliorism," glacial improvement rather than revolutionary re-founding.
In his novella, Notes From Underground, written in 1864, Dostoyevsky fiercely engaged with Russian and British progressivism and meliorism. Is it true, he asked, that everything is getting better and better?
Deweyan pragmatism's meliorism (celebrated by Vannatta) and emphasis on an almost revelatory role for "democracy" and "organized intelligence," combined with its dismissal of traditional conceptions of truth, opens the door to a political culture embracing radical innovation accompanied by majority tyranny, oppressive social engineering by elites, or a combination of the two.
Sander forsook such meliorism in favor of dispassionate observation" (44).
26) on social evolution, different from the meliorism of liberal Enlightenment and the Hayekian spontaneous order approach.
Her thinking is premised on an assessment that differs sharply from the global meliorism favored by both neoconservative and neoliberal American foreign policy (and by a great many Americans who share the sentiment behind global meliorism).
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