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A small harmonium.

[Probably alteration of melodium, from melody.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(mɪˈləʊdɪən) or


1. (Instruments) a type of small accordion
2. (Instruments) a type of keyboard instrument similar to the harmonium
[C19: from German, from Melodie melody]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(məˈloʊ di ən)

a small reed organ.
[1840–50, Amer.; < German, formed on Melodie melody; see accordion]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
She "carried" the alto by ear, danced without being taught, played the melodeon without knowing the notes.
He taught the weekly singing-school (then a feature of village life) in half a dozen neighboring towns, he played the violin and "called off" at dances, or evoked rich harmonies from church melodeons on Sundays.
I was glad to learn that our piano, our parlor organ, and our melodeon were to be the best instruments of the kind that could be had in the market.
They went clothed in steel and equipped with sword and lance and battle-axe, and if they couldn't persuade a person to try a sewing-machine on the installment plan, or a melodeon, or a barbed-wire fence, or a prohibition journal, or any of the other thousand and one things they canvassed for, they removed him and passed on.
Northumbrian pipe maestro Kathryn Tickell ( together with brother Peter on the fiddle and Julian Sutton on melodeon ( got proceedings under way with a specially composed overture featuring Lindisfarne tunes.
Tonight sees a wild combination of melodeon, fiddle, funky bass rhythms and traditional dance when The Demon Barbers present their famous roadshow.
The line-up includes melodeon, fiddle, bass, guitar, trombone and a caller.
Jimmy White, Elsdon shepherd; Tommy Breckons, Northumbrian smallpipes players, from Bellingham; Jack Armstrong, piper to the Duke of Northumberland and leader of the Barnstormers; Bob Clark, played drums and Peggy Clark played piano with the Northumbrian Minstrels around 1940; Ernie Cairns, singer, Riding Mill; Billy Conroy, whistle player, Ashington; Jimmy Pallister, fiddle player, from Cambo; Angus Russell, singer; Archie Bartram, fiddle player; George `Jock' Purdon, composer; Thomas Johnstone, composer of The Sour Milk Cart; Gordon Cutty, concertina player; Arthur Marshall, melodeon player; Pipe Major James Robertson - composer of Farewell to the Creeks.
Guests announced for the informal get-together in the town's Grieg Hall include Leicester harmony quartet GU4, Coventry singer and melodeon ace Pete Grassby, spinners of tall stories Speak And Lowe and Derbyshire rising star Lucy Ward.
All four - that's Bryony Griffith (fiddles, recorder), Drew McKinlay (guitars, didgeridoo), Will Hampson (melodeon, harmonica and bass) and Ross McKinlay (percussion) - went to school locally.
Formed as The Great White Steamchicken by Peeping Tom harmonicaplayer Ted Crum, the line-up features different generations of the local folk scene playing brass, percussion and keyboards alongside the more traditional folk instruments of melodeon, mandolin, harmonicas and whistle.
Will Pound plays harmonica and is also a member of Steamchicken along with Matt Crum who plays melodeon, sax and keys.