Both orangutans were given a basic music instrument - a membranophone
, such as a kazoo - and used their voice to play it with voluntary control over vocal folds.
Najafzade divides the musical instrumentsinto several groups, includingidiophone, aerofone (woodwinds), chordophone (stringed) and finally, membranophone
, when the soundisproducedbystriking,rubbing,orblowingagainstamembrane.
Regarded as the king of percussion instruments, this membranophone
percussion instrument consists of a pair of drums, and has long been used in traditional, classical, popular and Indian folk music.
The album's title highlights the iconic aural importance of the wooden, single-headed membranophone
generally known in the Torres Strait region's traditional Meriam Mir language as warup and in Kala Lagaw Ya as buruburu.
percussion instruments are popular, and many drum-like membranophones
are used widely across the world.
For instance: the saitar is not sitar, but a tribal chordophone, gowri kalam ("kalam" means pen in Hindi) is actually a trumpet and davandi, a membranophone
, is an hour-glass shaped small drum of brass.
This is in agreement with Olaniyan ("Musical Practice" 46) who notes that "out of many traditional instrumental ensembles of the Yoruba in Nigeria, dundun stands out as the most popular." The dundun is an all drum ensemble that comprises different sizes, types and makes of the hourglass drum family, belonging to the membranophone
(3.) Kundu: hourglass-shaped membranophone
common to many parts of Papua New Guinea, with one drumhead.
This percussion instrument (of the membranophone
family) consists of a pair of hand drums of contrasting sizes and timbres.
Thankfully, a representative image appears under each major division of the system, so that even if a user were unfamiliar with the term "membranophone
," it is clear that drums are included under this term.
Before they invented membranophone
percussion instruments, Africans used tree trunks as drums.
The depositary also contains several rare instruments in the membranophone