Change #1 is "Less rote memorization; more self-discovery." The basic concept here is that reinforcement psychology will be replaced by a pedagogy that recognizes that "learning occurs at a memory engram
level," with engrams being "the most fundamental elements of human memory." These engrams are formed into thoughts, ideas, and behaviors as a natural process as opposed to "regurgitating facts and memorizing formulas...." According to Murray and Prueitt, giving struggling students the freedom of selecting a topic, then "thinking, reflecting, and writing about it," "activates learning at an engrammic level."
In this new pedagogy, learning occurs at a memory engram
Ryan, "Memory engram
storage and retrieval," Current Opinion in Neurobiology, vol.
He said that his team's experiments provide the first animal model in which false and genuine memories can be investigated at the memory engram
The set of cells with facilitated synapses is now the anatomical correlate of the memory and is called a memory engram
. Once the engram is formed, anything that activates it will revive the original perception as a memory.
Aligned with central theory is the belief that phantom limb phenomena, especially painful phantom limb, are a result of the cerebral structures forming a memory engram
or schema of the pain receptors' experience of the damage that resulted in the loss of the limb [Jensen et al., 1983].
Whereas the prefrontal engram cells, with support from hippocampal memory engram
cells, become functionally mature with time, hippocampal engram cells gradually became silent.