Learning during daytime naps The researchers were intrigued by the question: If the sleep state strengthens a "memory trace
" that forms during wakefulness, then why can't the sleep state itself form a memory trace
that endures into wakefulness?
The Memory trace
cannot be made manifest by a monument, by stelai, by statues, or by the cult of the document of our former historians.
In the process of associative memory formation, consolidation, and maintenance, the hippocampus is believed to integrate, in the form of an anatomical index, information transmitted from distributed cortical networks that support the various features of a whole experience , rapidly merging these different features into a coherent memory trace
. Consolidation of this new memory trace
at the cortical level would then occur slowly via repeated and coordinated reactivation of hippocampal-cortical networks in order to progressively increase the strength and stability of corticocortical connections that represent the original experience.
Long-term memories reside in the brain's neocortex, which is the final depository for information that is brought in through the senses, processed as a memory trace
(encoded), and then consolidated and stored for future recall.
In contrast, passively repeating information by repeatedly looking it up on the Internet does not create a solid, lasting memory trace
in the same way, says Maria Wimber of the University of Birmingham.
In the preface, "Trace Memory," the two editors introduce the idea of a "memory trace
" and its relationship to sacred space through analysis of a contemporary artist, Robert Smithson (1938-1973), and two of his works that inspired the book title.
Ricoeur also describes the imprint of the memory trace
on the affections--the Aristotelian pathos--by means of which the shock of a particular event is experienced and leaves an indelible mark on our soul.
In context-free experiments, for example, frequency deviation in sequences of pure tones, the standardized internal representation is commonly assumed as an auditory memory, induced by frequent repetition of a standard sound, and is hence termed as "memory trace
." In the same vein, in music this may interact with internal representation of rules, cultural preferences, and so forth.
A memory trace
, such as the first five minutes of an introductory lecture on the Rule Against Perpetuities, is the initial sensory information received by the brain during a law student learning experience.
The longer the execution time, the wider the opportunity to use the motor control circuits based on feedback and comparison between memory trace
and perceptual trace.
Thereby, the deeper the level-of-processing of an event, the more robust its memory trace
Thompson, "Disruption of classical eyelid conditioning after cerebellar lesions: damage to a memory trace
system or a simple performance deficit?" Journal of Neuroscience, vol.