memory trace

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memory engram

or memory trace
An engram.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

memory trace

(Psychology) psychol the hypothetical structural alteration in brain cells following learning. See also engram
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛn græm)

a presumed encoding in neural tissue that provides a physical basis for the persistence of memory; a memory trace.
[1905–10; en-1 + -gram1]
en•gram′mic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.memory trace - a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memorymemory trace - a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory
memory - something that is remembered; "search as he would, the memory was lost"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Learning during daytime naps The researchers were intrigued by the question: If the sleep state strengthens a "memory trace" that forms during wakefulness, then why can't the sleep state itself form a memory trace that endures into wakefulness?
The Memory trace cannot be made manifest by a monument, by stelai, by statues, or by the cult of the document of our former historians.
In the process of associative memory formation, consolidation, and maintenance, the hippocampus is believed to integrate, in the form of an anatomical index, information transmitted from distributed cortical networks that support the various features of a whole experience [34], rapidly merging these different features into a coherent memory trace. Consolidation of this new memory trace at the cortical level would then occur slowly via repeated and coordinated reactivation of hippocampal-cortical networks in order to progressively increase the strength and stability of corticocortical connections that represent the original experience.
Long-term memories reside in the brain's neocortex, which is the final depository for information that is brought in through the senses, processed as a memory trace (encoded), and then consolidated and stored for future recall.
In contrast, passively repeating information by repeatedly looking it up on the Internet does not create a solid, lasting memory trace in the same way, says Maria Wimber of the University of Birmingham.
In the preface, "Trace Memory," the two editors introduce the idea of a "memory trace" and its relationship to sacred space through analysis of a contemporary artist, Robert Smithson (1938-1973), and two of his works that inspired the book title.
Ricoeur also describes the imprint of the memory trace on the affections--the Aristotelian pathos--by means of which the shock of a particular event is experienced and leaves an indelible mark on our soul.
In context-free experiments, for example, frequency deviation in sequences of pure tones, the standardized internal representation is commonly assumed as an auditory memory, induced by frequent repetition of a standard sound, and is hence termed as "memory trace." In the same vein, in music this may interact with internal representation of rules, cultural preferences, and so forth.
A memory trace, such as the first five minutes of an introductory lecture on the Rule Against Perpetuities, is the initial sensory information received by the brain during a law student learning experience.
The longer the execution time, the wider the opportunity to use the motor control circuits based on feedback and comparison between memory trace and perceptual trace.
Thereby, the deeper the level-of-processing of an event, the more robust its memory trace is.
Thompson, "Disruption of classical eyelid conditioning after cerebellar lesions: damage to a memory trace system or a simple performance deficit?" Journal of Neuroscience, vol.