There were significant differences between students with learning disabilities or mental retardation
and non-disabled peers.
Career development is vital to a quality lifestyle for people with all forms of mental retardation
. However, existing research on the career development of people with moderate to severe mental retardation
focuses on occupational choice rather than career development (Rumrill & Roessler, 1999).
The participants were in grades 9-12 and were representative of students with learning disabilities (LDs), mild mental retardation
(MMR), and emotional disabilities (EDs), as well as those without disabilities.
The major challenges facing the field of rehabilitation regarding persons with mental retardation
are the expansion of employment opportunities and the preparation of qualified workers (Walls & Fullmer, 1997).
Negative social responses to persons with mental retardation
and mental illness have persisted across generations despite improved care, legislative support, and a more sophisticated medical understanding of the causes and origins of these disabilities.
But according to doctors, Mr Kang'ethe's children suffer from mental retardation
, a condition that could have resulted from a number of factors including genetics, congenital abnormalities and idiopathic (unknown) causes.Ms Angela Muthoni, a psychiatric nurse at Murang'a County Referral Hospital, told the Nation that the case of Mr Kang'ethe's children is that of mental retardation
that could have occurred during birth or due to unknown causes.
Fifteen children with mild mental retardation
were randomly allocated to receive either an 8-week intervention of the learning program with visual aids (n = 6) and learning program only (n = 5).
A study was conducted to investigate job satisfaction among 35 male and female teachers of students with mental retardation
and 300 male and female teachers working in public education sector.9 The data were collected on a fifty-item scale containing five major factors including satisfaction with one's monthly pay, satisfaction of teachers' needs, the nature of work and general environment in the school, the kind of administration and the social position.
The aim of investigating a child with mental retardation
or developmental delay is to reach etiologic diagnosis.
(4) Amongst the subtypes of mental retardation
, mild mental retardation
is the most common, affecting about 85%; moderate mental retardation
10%; severe mental retardation
about 3-4% and profound mental retardation
is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV  as 'significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning (having an [intelligence quotient] IQ [less than or equal to]70) that is accompanied by significant limitations in adaptive functioning in at least two of the following skills areas: communication, self-care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self-direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health and safety' The onset must occur before age 18 years.
The Kansas Inventory of Parental Perceptions was used to assess mothers' perceptions on the impact of caring for a child with mental retardation
. Positive contributions, social comparisons with others, understanding of disability and perception of control were assessed.