The legal framework also includes important African instruments, including the Organization of African Unity Convention for the Elimination of Mercenarism
in Africa and the Central African Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons.
(3) Similar statements can be found in numerous reports of the former UN special rapporteur on mercenaries, Enrique Ballesteros, who considered PMSCs the "new operational model of mercenarism
" that threatened the civilian populations, peace, and states' sovereignty.
It discusses the nature of impunity and the differences between passive and active impunity; the modern private military company industry and its activities, with examples from the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan; the treatment of mercenary activity under international law and how the law has failed to marginalize the individual mercenary or criminalize broader practices of mercenarism
; the structure of legalized impunity in terms of the private military company, including developments that led to the recognition of the corporation as a juridical person, how criminal law does not apply to the corporate juridical person, and how private military companies are protected through legalized impunity mechanisms; and the future of private military company impunity.
Al-Tayyib said the growing of phenomenon of mercenarism
and terrorism impedes development and stability in Africa and is constituted one of causes of Africans suffering .
59 facts were recorded on terrorism, mercenarism
and participation in armed clashes, out of which 23 facts were persecuted.
Dzincsa (2008) '"One man's volunteer is another man's mercenary?" Mapping the extent of mercenarism
and its impact on human security in Africa' in S.
"State practices, international norms, and the decline of mercenarism
", International Studies Quarterly, Vol.34, No.1, 1990, p.
(187) See Janice E Thomson, "State Practices, International Norms, and the Decline of Mercenarism
" (1990) 34:1 Intl Studies Q23 at 34.
(1990) "State Practice, International Norms, and the Decline of Mercenarism
", International Studies Quarterly 34, 23-47,
HOW CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAWS HAVE ATTEMPTED TO TACKLE THE EXISTENCE OF PMCS AND "MERCENARISM
Thompson, State Practices, International Norms, and the Decline of Mercenarism
, 34 INT'L STUD.
The hard-line NCP figure threatened that the government would show no laxity in squelching activities of "espionage and mercenarism
" Sudan and South Sudan have been exchanging accusations of supporting rebel and opposition groups on each other's territories since the south seceded and formed an independent country in July last year.