meronymy


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to meronymy: hyponymy

meronymy

(mɛrˈɒnɪmɪ)
n
(Linguistics) the semantic relationship between a meronym, or a part of something, and its whole
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.meronymy - the semantic relation that holds between a part and the wholemeronymy - the semantic relation that holds between a part and the whole
semantic relation - a relation between meanings
component part, part, portion, component, constituent - something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach"; "the animal constituent of plankton"
Translations
méronymie
References in periodicals archive ?
Gathering such trigger list will need exploration of almost whole thesaurus following association links, meronymy link, and hyponymy (is-a) links.
(16) hyponymy: chapel: Lady Chapel roof: pitched roof bridge: drawbridge meronymy: pinnacle: crocket crenallation: merlon gatehouse: portcullis synonymy: ambulatory: chancel aisle boss: keystone drawing room: lounge If the English terms above are replaced with their Polish counterparts, the relations will stay the same for hyponymy and meronymy.
It is observed that the correlations between the concepts of images can be divided into four kinds: synonymy, similarity, meronymy, and concurrence, as illustrated in Figure 1.
Word meaning has four aspects: denotation, or reference to something in the "real world" (15); connotation, or "often emotive" positive and negative associations (16); sense or semantic relations, such as synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, and meronymy (17); and collocation, or the "likelihood that two words will co-occur" (18).
In addition, many researches point to hyperonymy, hyponymy, meronymy, synonymy and antonymy as the most important relationships [9][10].
WordNet 2.1 is used in the current computer system to find lexical cohesion including "repetition," "synonyms," "hypernymy," "hyponymy," and "meronymy." It also assists the students to identify the relationships between the lexical cohesive items.
However, the reason why WordNet works fine in these experiments is that only common concepts (e.g., car, dog, grass, tree) and relationships (hypemymy, meronymy) are employed.
OPINE's Feature Assessor evaluates each noun phrase by computing the PMI scores between the phrase and meronymy discriminators associated with the product.
Although there are parallels between ontologies and models of scientific knowledge extracted from LSA (Burek, Vargas Vera & Moreale, 2004; Cederberg & Widdows, 2003; Rung Ching, Ya-Ching & Ren-Hao, 2006), only the former has the capacity to extract the meanings of terms based on previously specified relationships such as synonymy, partonymy, hyponymy, hypernymy and meronymy. However, models of scientific knowledge based on LSA have certain critical advantages: 1) the metric is clearly specified and 2) they are based on actual occurrences in language, which makes them plausible in their mimicry of human cognitive functioning (Dumais, 2003).