(Gomes et al., 1989), the Spanish National Team (1990 World Cup) 2.2-5.1-1.9 (Casajus & Aragones, 1991), top level Hungarian 2.1-5.1-2.3 (Apor), and elite level South American players 2.2-5.4-2.2 (Rienzi et al.) were higher than the mesomorphy
score obtained in the present study.
The three components of the somatotype (endomorphy, mesomorphy
, and ectomorphy) were determined from the measurements.
It was found that these studies assessed different age groups and the assessments were made with only three main somatotype classifications which consisted of endomorphy, mesomorphy
Joos, "Android (centralized) obesity and somatotypes in men: association with mesomorphy
," Annals ofHuman Biology, vol.
Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2.6 [+ or -] 0.54, mesomorphy
: 3.99 [+ or -] 0.77, ectomorphy: 3.23 [+ or -] 0.54).
(1995) were found for Greco-Roman wrestlers that endomorphy from 1.6 to 3.5, mesomorphy
from 5.2 to 6.0, ectomorphy from 1.4 to 1.5.
Compared to professional rugby league athletes, junior elite players have significantly lower body mass, mesomorphy
and greater skinfold thickness (Cheng et al., 2014).
The three main components measured in somatotyping include endomorphy, mesomorphy
, and ectomorphy.
From the analysis of Table 2, referring to the somatotype presented by the total number of athletes (N = 27) in the present study, the highest mean was found for the second component, mesomorphy
, followed by endomorphy and ectomorphy, characterizing this group of gymnasts as mesoendomorphs.
The highest indexes of vulnerability (VI) and of mesomorphy
(MI) were found in M.
Most of the ballet dancers observed in this study were characterized as ectomorphic-mesomorph, meaning that mesomorphic component was dominant, while ectomorphy was greater as compared to endomorphy (endomorphy: 2.6[+ or -]0.54, mesomorphy
: 3.99[+ or -]0.77, ectomorphy: 3.23[+ or -]0.54).
There was a predominance of meso and ectomorphy, with prevalence of mesomorphy
. Endurance athletes showed low relative levels of body fat and muscle mass resulting low TBM.