mesothelium


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mes·o·the·li·um

 (mĕz′ə-thē′lē-əm, mĕs′-)
n. pl. mes·o·the·li·a (-lē-ə)
The layer of flat cells of mesodermal origin that lines the embryonic body cavity and gives rise to the squamous cells of the peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura.


mes′o·the′li·al adj.

mesothelium

(ˌmɛsəʊˈθiːlɪəm)
n, pl -liums or -lia (-lɪə)
(Anatomy) epithelium derived from embryonic mesoderm lining body cavities
[from New Latin, from meso- + (epi)thelium]
ˌmesoˈthelial adj

mes•o•the•li•um

(ˌmɛz əˈθi li əm, ˌmɛs-, ˌmi zə-, -sə-)

n., pl. -li•a (-li ə)
epithelium of mesodermal origin, which lines the body cavities.
[1885–90; meso- + (epi) thelium]
mes`o•the′li•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mesothelium - epithelium originating in the embryonic mesodermmesothelium - epithelium originating in the embryonic mesoderm; lines the primordial body cavity
epithelial tissue, epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
Translations

mes·o·the·li·um

n. mesotelio, capa celular del mesodermo embrionario que forma el epitelio que cubre las membranas serosas en el adulto.
References in periodicals archive ?
During operation instillation of 5 to 7 ml of solution into the opened hernia sac to be absorbed directly by the mesothelium which helps manipulation of peritoneum.
The peritoneal mesothelium, due to great plasticity (Mutsaers, 2002), may be unfavorable in prolonged peritoneal dialysis (Hekking & van den Born, 2007) with progressive loss of ultrafiltration capability due to structure land functional alterations in the membrane (Twardowski, 2006).
The exploration showed the ileum (with a palpable mass in the lumen) to have been invaginated into the right colon; moreover, it also showed palpable enlarged lymph nodes in the ileocolic mesothelium. The liver and spleen were evaluated and found to be normal.
Objective: Malignant mesothelioma (mm) is a rare, Aggressive and highly treatment-resistant malignancy arising in the thin layer of tissue known as mesothelium, Which covers many of the important internal organs like the lungs, The peritoneal cavity, The heart and the testis.the world health organization has recognized that all forms of mesothelioma are strongly associated with asbestos exposure and that its burden is increasing worldwide.
They showed that the immunohistochemical and histochemical profiles of the PRMCs were similar to those of ovarian mucinous neoplasms and mesothelium.
HAM was well absorbed after 10 weeks and it served as a substrate for regenerating mesothelium.
While others are not associated with endometriosis, they are thought to arise from surface epithelium, ovarian stroma, or peritoneal mesothelium as part of secondary Mullerian system.6,7
The serous membrane basically consists of mesothelium and a thin layer of connective tissue (Fig.
(18) CD44 in particular, which is a receptor for the ECM protein hyaluronic acid, plays a crucial role in mediating the mesothelial binding of ovarian cancer cells and [beta]1 integrins such as [alpha]5[beta]1 integrin (a receptor for fibronectin), [alpha]3[beta]1 (a receptor for fibronectin, collagen and laminin) and [alpha]v (a receptor for fibronectin and vitronectin) expressed by ovarian cancer cells; and ovarian cancer cell binding to peritoneal mesothelium. (18) In our experiment, we found that the expression level of [alpha]v was two-fold higher than in the control group in PEO-1 cells.
Hattori (2) suggested that the cysts may be derived from misplaced mesothelium and mesenchyme with Mullerian characteristics similar to retroperitoneal Mullerian cysts.
If parts of the small intestine fall into the pelvic cavity at this time, a severe pelvic inflammatory reaction will damage the intestinal serosal mesothelium. Then, the fibrin agglutination cascade will be activated, resulting in the formation of adhesions,[18],[19],[20],[21],[22] which will increase the probability of an adhesive ileus.
The origin of carcinoma was sigmoid (4), caecum (1), right colon (1), appendix (4), ovarian (2), gastric (2), and mesothelium (1).