messenger RNA


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Related to messenger RNA: DNA, ribosomal RNA

messenger RNA

n. Abbr. mRNA
The form of RNA that mediates the transfer of genetic information from the cell nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where it serves as a template for protein synthesis. It is synthesized from a DNA template during the process of transcription.

messenger RNA

n
(Biochemistry) biochem a form of RNA, transcribed from a single strand of DNA, that carries genetic information required for protein synthesis from DNA to the ribosomes. Sometimes shortened to: mRNA See also transfer RNA, genetic code

messenger RNA


n.
a molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Abbr.: mRNA
[1960–65]

mes·sen·ger RNA

(mĕs′ən-jər)
See under RNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.messenger RNA - the template for protein synthesismessenger RNA - the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
ARN messager
References in periodicals archive ?
If they grew their yeast in energy-rich broth that contained glycerol, a 3-carbon energy source, the riboswitch behaved as they expected, shutting off the glmS messenger RNA in response to increasing glucosamine concentrations.
Sydney Brenner, Francois Jacob and Matthew Meselson show that messenger RNA (above) carries the information required to make proteins.
Leading-edge messenger RNA research communications.
When messenger RNA arrives in the cytoplasm, it binds to the ribosomes and guides the assembly of amino acids into proteins.
Release date- 18062019 - CAMBRIDGE - Moderna, Inc., (Nasdaq: MRNA) a clinical stage biotechnology company pioneering messenger RNA (mRNA) therapeutics and vaccines to create a new generation of transformative medicines for patients, today announced that Pamela Cohen, M.D., Head, Clinical Oncology Development, will present at the BMO 2019 Prescriptions for Success Healthcare Conference on Tuesday, June 25, 2019 at 3:20 p.m.
Small interfering RNA (siRNA), the molecules that mediate RNAi and comprise Alnylam's RNAi therapeutic platform, potently silence messenger RNA, the genetic precursors that encode for disease-causing proteins, thus preventing them from being made.
It is aimed at addressing the pathology of PH1 by targeting and destroying the messenger RNA produced by HAO1, a gene implicated in the pathogenesis of PH1.
Todd led a team of researchers who examined the expression of a toxic messenger RNA (mRNA) seen in the brains of those afflicted with the syndrome.
For the research, scientists developed a new technique to isolate messenger RNA from the parasite as it infects red blood cells.
This work on translational control--the central idea of which is that gene expression is regulated by the efficiency of utilization of messenger RNA in specifying protein synthesis--is a successor of the earlier Translational Control (1996) and Translational Control of Gene Expression.
The network measures levels of messenger RNA from different genes and uses conditional assumptions to represent the influence one gene has on another.