The list of psychotropic substances and precursors to be controlled coprises 61 drugs, including synthetic cannabinoids, aminorex, methaqualone
, parahexyl, etc.
During the 1950s and 1960s, a plethora of new psychoactive substances were registered to treat conditions such as anxiety and depression, including antipsychotics such as chlorpromazine, antidepressant (imipramine), and a range of sedative-hypnotics such as ethchlorvynol, chlormethiazole, meprobamate, methaqualone
, and glutethimide.
For instance, with methaqualone
(Quaaludes), many labs still charge insurance for this test, but positive test results are exceptionally rare.
These con men have graduated into international crime with Kenya a hotspot for illicit trade people, minerals, drugs, animal trophies, arms and goods in transit.According to the Central Intelligence Agency, Kenya is a transit country for heroin from South Asia destined for Europe and North America, Indian sedative methaqualone
en route to South Africa and other narcotics-associated activities.
Drug Enforcement Administration, "Schedule I drugs, substances or chemicals (https://www.dea.gov/drug-scheduling) are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse." Examples are: heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana (cannabis), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy), methaqualone
The frequency of substances used, in order of declining frequency were as follows: cannabis (n = 18; 42.86%), methamphetamine (n = 9; 21.43%), alcohol (n = 7; 16.67%), methaqualone
(n = 6; 14.29%) and inhalants (n = 1; 2.38%).
A detailed history of past or current substance use was obtained, including cannabis, MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine), GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate), crystal methamphetamine, cocaine, CAT (methcathinone), liquid MDMA (liquid E), heroin and methaqualone
. The mode of substance use administration was recorded as oral, sniffing/insufflation, injection, smoking or rectal, and the quantity of alcohol consumed (g/d) was also documented.
The analytical technique also identified metabolites such as cocaine, diazepam, and methaqualone
, which are not included in the target analysis .
Chemicals used to manufacture methamphetamine and methaqualone
arrive primarily from Asia (including India and China) and Nigeria.
In an application seeking Dudani's judicial remand, DRI said the movie producer 'conceived the idea of manufacturing Methaqualone
following a string of meetings with L.K.
In one of the biggest seizure of Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances, the officers of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), apex counter-smuggling agency of the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), have seized about 23.5 metric tonnes of Mandrax Tablets (Methaqualone
), a banned psychotropic substance under Schedule I of NDPS Rules, 1985.
(Mandrax) is also widely used, and although there is some indication that its use has declined in recent years, SA still remains its largest user in the world.