methylphenidate


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Related to methylphenidate: Methylphenidate hydrochloride

meth·yl·phen·i·date

 (mĕth′əl-fĕn′ĭ-dāt′, -fē′nĭ-)
n.
A drug, C14H19NO2, chemically related to amphetamine, that acts as a mild stimulant of the central nervous system and is used in its hydrochloride form to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

[methyl + phen(yl) + (piper)id(ine) + (acet)ate.]

methylphenidate

(ˌmɛθɪlˈfɛnɪˌdeɪt; ˌmɛθɪlˈfiːnɪˌdeɪt)
n
(Pharmacology) a drug that stimulates the central nervous system and is used, in the form of its hydrochloride, to treat narcolepsy as well as attention deficit disorder

meth•yl•phen•i•date

(ˌmɛθ əlˈfɛn ɪˌdeɪt, -ˈfi nɪ-)

n.
a central nervous system stimulant, C14H19NO2, used in the control of hyperkinetic syndromes and narcolepsy.
[1955–60; methyl + phen- + -ide + -ate2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.methylphenidate - central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in childrenmethylphenidate - central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
excitant, stimulant drug, stimulant - a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process
Translations

methylphenidate

n metilfenidato
References in periodicals archive ?
For the study, investigators evaluated groups of boys and young adult men with ADHD who had never taken methylphenidate (sold under the brand names Ritalin and Concerta).
Lannett (LCI) announced that it has commenced marketing Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Extended Release, or ER, tablets USP in 18 mg, 27 mg, 36 mg and 54 mg strengths, an AB-rated generic equivalent to the brand Concerta.
The recent study, conducted in children and teens with ADHD, has shown that saffron, which has anti-depressant and memory-enhancing properties, can be as effective at controlling symptoms as methylphenidate, the commonly prescribed drug Ritalin for treating the disease.
This acquisition includes Quillivant XR, the first and only marketed extended-release oral liquid methylphenidate as well as QuilliChew ER, the first and only extended-release methylphenidate chewable tablet, both of which are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants approved for the treatment of ADHD.
Methylphenidate appears to be the safest and most effective treatment option for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents, while amphetamines are the preferred first-line choice in adults, a systematic review and meta-analysis have found.
16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents, while amphetamines should be considered as a first choice in adults, according to a review published online Aug.
In addition, there are case reports of priapism with methylphenidate treatment (2,3).
In a study involving 39 male chess players, researchers in Germany and Sweden carefully measured the effects of the drugs modafinil, methylphenidate (Ritalin), and caffeine on the participants' chess-playing ability, and compared these effects with placebo.
Some evidence of increased sleeplessness and loss of appetite leads researchers to encourage more caution in use of methylphenidate.
Also according to Busfield (4), if the main concern was formerly about the indiscriminate use of antimicrobials, nowadays psychopharmaceuticals, especially the methylphenidate, have become the object of attention to experts in the issue.
Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") approval on its Abbreviated New Drug Application ("ANDA") for a generic version of Concerta (methylphenidate hydrochloride) Extended-Release tablets USP CII, 18, 27, 36 and 54 mg.
[1] Link shows that both amphetamine and methylphenidate produce deficits in striatal dopamine markers after treatment, but that the markers recovered in methylphenidate-treated mice but not amphetamine-treated ones (indicating something reversible in methylphenidate but possibly not amphetamine).