The ideas proposed reflect the current French academic consensus on accent and metre in French: that is, that the boundary of the metrical unit
is marked by non-distinctive group-final accent (the only metrical accent) and that it is conservation of syllable-count from unit to unit that is fundamental to perception of metre (pp.
monometer A rare form of verse in which each line consists of a single metrical unit
(a foot or dipody).
Scansion in English prosody employs a system of symbols to reveal the mechanics of a poem--i.e., the predominant type of foot (the smallest metrical unit
of stressed and unstressed syllables); the number of feet per line; and the rhyme scheme.
heroic couplet A couplet of rhyming iambic pentameters often forming a distinct rhetorical as well as metrical unit
. The origin of the form in English poetry is unknown, but Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century was the first to make extensive use of it.
This line was the chief component of a larger metrical unit
called the archilochean strophe.
or choriambuses In prosody, a metrical unit
of four syllables.
Similar patterns emerge for 9/8 songs, with the metrical unit
of three clap-stick beats corresponding to fairly predictable rhythmic settings of a word (or sometimes, with words of two or three syllables, to two words).
Cornulier, for his part ('La place de l'accent, ou l'accent a sa place'), warns against definitions that give priority to accent, because lines are not metrically constituted by having accents on particular syllables: given that metricality is supplied by a certain number of syllables demarcated by the last 'anatonic' vowel, the accent goes where it has to; it is the lastness of the anatonic vowel which constitutes a sequence of a certain number of syllables as a metrical unit
; and the word-/group-terminal status of a tonic accent is not, in French, peculiar to verse.
The metrical stress value of the words with non-inevitable stress depends on how the 'gabble of weaker syllables'(12) functions as a single metrical unit
intervening between words with inevitable stress.
The foot is the smallest metrical unit
that consists of a group of syllables, one of which bears the main stress.
What Longley picked up from his study of ancient Greek and Latin was "the power of the sentence: how you can release energy by measuring the sentence against the metrical unit
and that you can build up enormous pressure if you keep the sentence going on for some time." We see this also in a one-sentence long interrogative sonnet from the same volume, "Autumn Lady's Tresses," which momentarily evokes his forefather Yeats, but only momentarily, long enough only to accentuate the utter difference between the two poets.
Aeolic meters, such as the glyconic, typically are formed around a choriamb ( - U U - ), which may be preceded or followed (or both) by a variety of other metrical units
to create a wide variety of metrical sequences.