microcephaly

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mi·cro·ceph·a·ly

 (mī′krō-sĕf′ə-lē)
n. pl. mi·cro·ceph·a·lies
Abnormal smallness of the head.

mi′cro·ce·phal′ic (-sə-făl′ĭk) adj. & n.
mi′cro·ceph′a·lous (-sĕf′ə-ləs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

microcephaly

(ˌmaɪkrəʊˈsɛfəlɪ)
n
(Pathology) the condition of having an abnormally small head or cranial capacity. Compare megacephaly
microcephalic adj, n
ˌmicroˈcephalous adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

mi•cro•ceph•a•ly

(ˌmaɪ kroʊˈsɛf ə li)
n.
abnormal smallness of the head or braincase.
[1860–65; < French]
mi`cro•ce•phal′ic (-səˈfæl ɪk) adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.microcephaly - an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

mi·cro·ceph·a·ly

, microcephalia
n. microcefalia, cabeza anormalmente pequeña de origen congénito.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The scientists used radiocarbon dating to determine the approximate age of a female Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalics), who may well have been born before the Industrial Revolution.
The operational definition of microcephaly is a head circumference below the value of the mean −2 standard deviations or <2% of the population of the same race, age, and sex.[sup][55] In Brazil, the value was changed from 33 to 32 cm in all full-term newborns to estimate the number of microcephalics at birth.[sup][56] Microcephaly diagnosis standard in Brazil after December 8, 2015, showed a higher specificity and an equal sensitivity than before.[sup][57] A questioned surge in microcephaly prevalence occurred in 2015 (about 20 cases per 10,000 births), compared to that in previous years (about 1 case per 10,000 births).[sup][29] Considering the uniform diagnostic standard, the number of reported cases was overestimated.
In an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Holloway and his research team found that two specific measurements-cerebellar protrusion (how far the base of the brain projects backwards) and relative frontal breadth-could be used to discriminate between microcephalics and unaffected children.