microcephaly


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to microcephaly: macrocephaly

mi·cro·ceph·a·ly

 (mī′krō-sĕf′ə-lē)
n. pl. mi·cro·ceph·a·lies
Abnormal smallness of the head.

mi′cro·ce·phal′ic (-sə-făl′ĭk) adj. & n.
mi′cro·ceph′a·lous (-sĕf′ə-ləs) adj.

microcephaly

(ˌmaɪkrəʊˈsɛfəlɪ)
n
(Pathology) the condition of having an abnormally small head or cranial capacity. Compare megacephaly
microcephalic adj, n
ˌmicroˈcephalous adj

mi•cro•ceph•a•ly

(ˌmaɪ kroʊˈsɛf ə li)
n.
abnormal smallness of the head or braincase.
[1860–65; < French]
mi`cro•ce•phal′ic (-səˈfæl ɪk) adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.microcephaly - an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
Translations

mi·cro·ceph·a·ly

, microcephalia
n. microcefalia, cabeza anormalmente pequeña de origen congénito.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study of more than 200 babies, published recently in the journal Nature Medicine, also shows that a very small number of children born with the congenital condition known as microcephaly had their symptoms improve.
The condition in which babies are born with defects due to Zika is typically known as microcephaly in which the head of the baby is underdeveloped.
Surprisingly, the researchers also discovered that fewer than 4% of the children had microcephaly -- a smaller-than-normal head that is one of the hallmarks of Zika exposure in the womb.
KEYWORDS: Compound heterozygous mutation, Primary Microcephaly, Saudi Family, WDR62.
Some characteristics are present, among them the occurrence of severe microcephaly, reduction in brain tissue, excess muscle tone and limited mobility, among other alterations.
In April 2016 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) concluded that the Zika virus could cause microcephaly and other serious brain defects (5,6).
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe reduction in the brain volume that affects especially the neocortex, and intellectual disability.
Although Zika virus has circulated in Asia longer than in the Americas, only 3 confirmed cases of congenital Zika virus infection with microcephaly have been reported in Asia (2 Thailand, 1 Vietnam) (1).
Postnatal-onset microcephaly detected during follow-up care is distinct from microcephaly detected at birth and is included among neurodevelopmental abnormalities possibly associated with congenital Zika virus infection (Box).
Houston, TX, July 11, 2018 --(PR.com)-- Digisonics, a leading provider of PACS and Structured Reporting Solutions for OB/GYN and Maternal Fetal Medicine studies, has developed an easy-to-use website to quickly calculate the risk of microcephaly due to Zika Virus exposure.
The response to Zika virus in Brazil may have reduced birth rates as well as microcephaly, according to research.
Autosomal recessive primary microcephaly is due to genetic causes but several environmental factors also play role in disease development.

Full browser ?