microelectrode


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mi·cro·e·lec·trode

 (mī′krō-ĭ-lĕk′trōd′)
n.
A very small electrode, often used to study electrical characteristics of living cells and tissues.

microelectrode

(ˈmaɪkrəʊɪˈlɛktrəʊd)
n
(General Physics) a very small electrode
References in periodicals archive ?
The nerve ablation devices are used to treat patient by minimally invasive procedures, where a microelectrode is inserted inside the patient to heat the nerve tissue.
Tenders are invited for supply of medical devices (stereotactic system, navigation for microelectrode recording of brain activity) for upgrading the existing neuronavigation system, commissioning medical devices, training in the operation of specialists who operate medical products
They address its history, techniques, and ethical considerations; customized platform-based stereotactic deep brain stimulation lead placement technique; microelectrode recording methods; intraoperative imaging-based lead implantation; lesioning methods for movement disorders; computational modeling and tractography for deep brain stimulation targeting; closed-loop simulation methods; applications to Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, epilepsy, major depression, Tourette syndrome, psychiatric indications, and pediatrics; intraoperative research during deep brain stimulation surgery; and establishing a deep brain stimulation practice.
Tatsuro Goda, Assistant Professor at the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, was presented the Gold Award for development of an iridium oxide microelectrode that can perform localized pH measurements in the body.
(5, 7) and can be summarized as follows: The false vocal cord on the side of the tumor was clamped with forceps and resected with a 180[degrees]-angle microelectrode. Resection of the vocal cord was performed using either the same or the 90[degrees] microelectrode by an anteroposterior deep section over the lateral limit of the vocal cord, followed by up-down sections, first one in the anterior commissure, second one in its attachment into the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage.
Whether factors such as age, sex, hypertension, anatomic target, or use of microelectrodes affect the risk of cerebral vascular events during the DBS surgery remains controversial.[2],[7],[8] In this study, the authors retrospectively investigated factors possibly affecting the risk of cerebral vascular events (ICH or venous infarction) during DBS surgery in 268 patients (518 DBS electrodes), including patient age, sex, anatomic target, use or nonuse of microelectrode recording (MER), number of MERs performed, number of channels used in MER, and other parameters.
The research team inserted a tiny microelectrode into a nerve near the back of the participants' knee to measure sympathetic nerve activity throughout testing.
Dip-coating a carbon fiber microelectrode in a suspension of carbon nanotubes in an organic solvent such as dimethylformamide (DMF) results in a more sensitive electrode [17].
This value is superior to many carbon-based electrodes, such as the electrochemically activated carbon microelectrode arrays (capacitance retention of 46% from 0.5mA/[cm.sup.2] to 5mA/[cm.sup.2] [1]), self-adhesive carbon grains added with 6 wt% of KOH-treated multilayer graphene (18% retention from 1 mV/s to 100 mV/s [20]).
Heiskanen et al., "Theoretical and experimental comparison of microelectrode sensing configurations for impedimetric cell monitoring," in Lecture Notes on Impedance Spectroscopy, vol.
Simon, "Microelectrode Study of Pore Size, Ion Size, and Solvent Effects on the Charge/Discharge Behavior of Microporous Carbons for Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors", J Electrochem Soc, 156 (1), A7-A12, 2009.