micromelia


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Related to micromelia: phocomelia, rhizomelia
Translations

mi·cro·me·li·a

n. micromelia, extremidades anormalmente pequeñas.
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References in periodicals archive ?
kyphosis, distorted axis, micromelia, extenions of fore and hind limbs, microcephaly, micro-ophthalmia and intrauterine growth retardation.
Various clinical presentations of AOS include oligohydramnios, cutis marmorata, upper limb micromelia and brachypodia, acrania, microcephaly, palatine or auricular malformations, intracranial calcifications, hydrocephaly, arhinencephaly, spina bifida, epilepsy, mental retardation, anatomic bronchial anomalies, renal abnormalities, and cardiovascular anomalies such as bicuspid aortic valve, atrial septal defect, Shone's complex, aortic valve stenosis, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle, portal hypertension and pulmonary hypertension.11,12 Our patient had cutis marmorata telangiectatica, aplasia cutis congenita, and terminal transverse limb reduction defects.
In group III, abnormalities in fetuses were exencephaly, anophthalmia, maxillary macrognathia, sacral hygroma (7.4%), micromelia (5.5%), degenerated claw(5.5%).In IV group anomalies present were exencephaly, anophthalmia, low set arm, clubfoot, microtia.
However, abnormal colouration (04.34%) was recorded only with treatment of low concentration (0.30%) insecticide, while, micromelia and amelia only appeared with treatment of 0.9 and 1.2% concentration of dimethoate.
Diazinon and carbaryl induce micromelia and abnormal feathering in hen eggs (Seifert and Casida 1980), but different skeletal defects have been noted for diazinon in bobwhite quail embryos (Meneely and Wyttenhach 1989).
The fetuses from dose group 1.0 [micro]g/g BW showed morphological anomalies like open eyelid (11.8%) (Figure 1B), micromelia of forelimb (2.7%) (Figure 1C), Extradactyly (4.2%), and distorted axis (2.4%).
Thanatophoric dysplasia or dwarfism (TD) is characterized by severe limb shortening (micromelia), bowing of limbs, narrow thorax and protuberant abdomen.
Los pacientes presentaron cariotipo normal, talla y peso menores al percentil 3, craneo-sinostosis, micrognatia con paladar hendido, hendiduras palpebrales alargadas en direccion oblicua hacia abajo, miopia, opacidad corneal, hipopigmentacion de la retina, test de mucopolisacaridos normal, retardo mental en diferente grado, retardo en el desarrollo psicomotor a predominio del lenguaje y un conjunto de cambios esqueleticos correspondientes a una displasia espondilo-epifisiaria que evoluciono a una ligera micromelia con torax corto y cifo-escoliosis toracolumbar.
La ingesta de antagonistas del acido folico durante el embarazo ocasiona el llamado sindrome aminopterina/metrotexate, en el que se observan malformaciones congenitas caracterizadas por meningocele, encefalocele, hidrocefalia, labio hendido, paladar hendido, osificacion incompleta de craneo, retraso mental, braquicefalia, micro/retrognatia, micromelia, exoftalmia, pulgar hipoplasico, corazon en posicion anormal, entre otras.
El bebegrama realizado posmortem revelo micromelia y costillas cortas (figura 8).
Micromelia de las cuatro extremidades (figuras 6,7), dedos cortos (figuras 8,9), pliegues de piel y tejidos blandos que dan la apariencia de "muneco Michelin" (figuras 9-10), caracteristico femur corto (figuras 11,12) y torax en campana (figura 13).
Abstract: Two cases of unilateral micromelia are described in wild juvenile little penguins (Eudyptula minor).