A positive correlation was observed between smallsized herbivorous zooplankton or those with microphagous
habits (Penilia avirostris, Salpingella sp.) and the coastal phytoplankton (first axis).
For the Vertebrata that can be found in the HZ of Neotropical regions, some fish species were described as psammophilic (sand-dwelling), microphagous
carnivores with sit-and-wait strategy or active foraging tactics, as Pygidianops spp.
carolinensis and Xenopus laevis as both species develop into microphagous
filter-feeding tadpoles with similar jaw muscle architectures (Ziermann and Diogo, 2014; Vera-Candioti, 2007).
Examples include chitinase activity measured from labial glands of Acromyrmex octospinosus (Febvay et al., 1984) and from larvae and adults of a microphagous
beetle species (Fukamizo et al., 1985).
feeding behavior of Oreaster reticulatus (Echinodermata: Asteroidea).
feeding in adult procelain crabs is similar to planktivorous (phytoplankton) feeding by larval crustaceans.
flexuosa is microphagous
, suspensivore, and saprophytic (Olsen, 1973, 1976; Garcia-Cubas, 1981).