Contribution to the Knowledge of the Andean Stonefly Genus Claudioperla Illies, with Description of New Apterous and Micropterous
Species (Plecoptera: Gripopterygidae).
This group (269 recognized species; OSFO) differs from most other phaneropterines as they are micropterous
and unable to fly.
mojave; females are macropterous or brachypterous (or micropterous
), and males are brachypterous.
It is known in Tanzania only from specimens with micropterous
hindwings; however, if a different wing morph is discovered the posterolateral corners of the pronotum probably will be of a different shape.
Head longer than or equal to width, and longer than total length of pronotum; micropterous
, submacropterous or macropterous 2
Key words: benthic-pelagic links; benthos; body size distribution; fish bioenergetics; Micropterous
; normalized size spectra; predation, size selective; predator-prey.
A particular type of dimorphism within the Insecta is that of wing dimorphism in which one morph (macropterous) possess a functional flight apparatus and the other (micropterous
) is flightless.
Ctenothrips nonnae Haga & Okajima is micropterous
and occurred at an elevation of about 2,500 m asl (Haga & Okajima 1989), and the macropterous species, C.
General Description.--The subfamily Bactrophorinae includes insects ranging from small to large size, usually brachypterous or micropterous
, sometimes apterous, with powerful jumping hind legs, often large globular protruding eyes, and long antennae; the second tarsal joint of their hind foot is elongate, as long or nearly as long as the first joint.
However, females are not a problem, because they are apterous or micropterous
in Embolemus and macropterous in Ampulicomorpha.
rubens but the level of JHE varies, presumptive macropterous (fully winged and generally flight-capable) nymphs producing higher levels of JHE than presumptive micropterous
(short-winged and flightless) nymphs (Zera et al.