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A small particle in the cytoplasm of a cell, typically consisting of fragmented endoplasmic reticulum to which ribosomes are attached.

mi′cro·so′mal (-sō′məl), mi′cro·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.microsomal - of or relating to microsomesmicrosomal - of or relating to microsomes  
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ishii et al., "JTT-130, a novel intestine-specific inhibitor of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, suppresses food intake and gastric emptying with the elevation of plasma peptide YY and glucagon-like peptide-1 in a dietary fat-dependent manner," Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol.
In vitro microsomal analytes were eluted on a NovaPak phenyl column (5 [micro]m, 150 x 3.9 mm) by using a mobile phase composed of a 75: 25 mixture of acetonitrile and water (1.5% glacial acetic acid and 0.1% triethylamine), flowing at 1 mL/min.
The metabolism of [1-[sup.14]C] eicosa-11,14-dienoic acid was later investigated using rat liver microsomal preparations.
Finally, thyroid gland abnormalities, including abnormal results for TFT and autoantibodies, such as thyroglobulin antibody (TGA, <115 IU/mL), TSH receptor antibody (TSH-RA, <1.5 U/L), and anti-thyroid microsomal autoantibody (TPO-Ab, <34 IU/mL), were compared between the three groups.
Sugiura et al., "Endothelial microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 exacerbates neuronal loss induced by kainate," Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol.
The microsomal ethanol oxidizing system (MEOS), which is generated by hepatocytes and hepatic enzymes including CYP2E1, CYP1A2, and CYP3A, is an alternate pathway for ethanol metabolism (Lieber 1999; Garcia-Banuelos et al.
Further antibody and serology testing of anti microsomal antibodies, thyroglobulin, Lyme serology, and perineoplastic antibodies were negative.
This follows the approval of lomitapide (Juxtapid), a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitor approved in December, to reduce LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and non-HDL cholesterol in patients with HoFH.
Expression of NQO-1, GST-alpha, gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase-heavy and -light chains, and microsomal GST was assessed by Northern blot analysis.
The identified enzymes involved in acetaldehyde production included alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and xanthine oxidoreductase (XO) in the cytosolic fraction and the flavoenzyme NADPH oxidase and catalase in the microsomal fraction [1].
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, who led the study, revealed that lomitapide, a first-in-class microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) inhibitor, substantially and stably reduced LDL cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol) in patients with the orphan disease homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH).
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