microsome


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Related to microsome: microsomal enzymes

mi·cro·some

 (mī′krə-sōm′)
n.
A small particle in the cytoplasm of a cell, typically consisting of fragmented endoplasmic reticulum to which ribosomes are attached.

mi′cro·so′mal (-sō′məl), mi′cro·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.

microsome

(ˈmaɪkrəʊˌsəʊm)
n
(Biology) any of the small particles consisting of ribosomes and fragments of attached endoplasmic reticulum that can be isolated from cells by centrifugal action
ˌmicroˈsomal adj

mi•cro•some

(ˈmaɪ krəˌsoʊm)

n.
a small vesicle containing fragments of ribosomes and other organelles, formed during cell breakage by centrifugation.
[1880–85]
mi`cro•so′mal, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.microsome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNAmicrosome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA
cytol, cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
granule - a tiny grain
Translations

mi·cro·some

n. microsoma, elemento fino granular del protoplasma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thyroglobulin and microsome autoantibodies and their clinical significance in adult type I diabetics (in Czech).
Keep your microsome in calorie-burning shape by including a daily supply of fermented foods like yogurt and sauerkraut.
Based upon preclinical animal liver microsome studies, this differential effect appears to be limited to rodents, and is not observed in preclinical studies with human liver microsomes.
Volker Auwarter: I would slightly disagree, because marker identification can also be performed effectively by using prepared human liver microsome assays, which are less expensive and time-consuming.
Immunoblot analysis of hepatic mitochondrial and microsome proteins from wild-type control, BNF-, and resveratrol-treated mice (n = 4each) following seven days of treatment.
Those associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (microsome) membrane are [P450.sub.17[alpha]], (now termed CYP17) for steroid 17,-hydroxylation and C17-C20 bond cleavage, [P450.sub.C21] (now termed CYP21) for steroid 21-hydroxylation, and 3[beta]-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase.
Oui le film est violent mais ce n'est pas la violence des gangsters et des mafieux qui atteint son comble dans les affranchis...c'est la violence des rapports sociaux dans ce microsome infernal que sont les milieux de la finance.
Salmonella / microsome fluctuation test (Ames fluctuation test).
However, the distribution among the organelle fraction is clearly different as in the cuttlefish 52% was bound to the nuclei fraction whereas in the squid, 42% was bound to the microsome fraction.
Using state-of-the-art technologies such as liver microsome testing and Caco2 cell absorption, and high-speed analytical techniques like LC/MS/MS, this triumvirate of services provides key metabolic and pharmacokinetic data used by companies as lead optimization tools.

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