It creates the opportunity to perform the full investigation process for our patients locally, for any micturition
Pruritus, copious and offensive white discharge, and micturition
complaints are seen more commonly in women with diabetic spouses.
1 OAB, a clinical syndrome caused by abnormal afferent signals and detrusor overactivity, used to be called unstable bladder, the main symptoms of which were urgent urination, uroclepsia, frequent micturition
, increased urination at night, and it would seriously influence patients' life quality.
Background and Objectives: Micturition
reflex is long been taught as an interplay of autonomic and somatic nervous system.
is regulated by the somatic nervous system and an autonomic reflex arc; the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine play an important role in the neural regulation of micturition
and urinary continence.
14) Meta-analyses of data from clinical trials comparing antimuscarinics with placebo report statistically significant improvements in favour of active treatment for the proportion of patients returning to continence; mean number of incontinence episodes and micturitions
per day; and volume voided per micturition
Symptoms found in elderly male patients were attributed to prostatism such as difficulty in micturition
, increased frequency of micturition
, dribbling of retention overflow, retention of urine, urgency in micturition
, and other associated symptoms (such as fever, burning micturition
, evidence of uremia as loss of appetite, headache, nausea, and vomiting) were also carefully noted.
Retrospective questioning revealed nefrolitiasis, darkening in the color of the urine a few hours after micturition
(Figure 5) and pigmented spots at auricle (Figure 6).
The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of micturition
and its related disorders are still unclear.
Most common adverse events reported include hematuria, dysuria, micturition
urgency, pelvic pain, and urge incontinence.
We defined the abnormal frequency of micturition
as urinating more than six times in the daytime or two times at night.
These two stimulation maneuvers were repeated until micturition
began or for a maximum of 300 seconds.