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n. pl. Mid·rash·im (mĭd-rô′shĭm, mĭd′rä-shēm′)
Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled between ad 200 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.

[Hebrew midrāš, commentary, explanation, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study; see drš in Semitic roots.]


(ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ)
n, pl midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew midraˈʃim)
1. (Judaism) a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
2. (Judaism) one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
[C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search]
midrashic adj



n., pl. mid•ra•shim (ˌmi drɑˈʃim)
mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot (ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt)
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
2. (cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605–15; < Hebrew midrāsh literally, exposition]
mid•rash•ic (mɪdˈræʃ ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Midrash - (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
commentary, comment - a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"
References in periodicals archive ?
Among their topics are the perception of motherhood and folklore expressions among the Jews of Afghanistan, like mother like daughter: mother-daughter relations in Babylonian Talmudic stories, the Jewish mother as metonym for community in postwar America, Rachel and Mary weep for their children in the age of the Zohar, depictions of childbirth in Rabbinic literature: the innovation of a Genizah Midrashic text, and mothers and ma'asim: maternal roles in medieval Hebrew tales.
The standard midrashic reading here begins from the apparent superfluousness of brings forth seed [ki tazria]; whatever physiological phenomenon it refers to presumably occurs in all pregnancies, and therefore the text should simply have said ishah ki teled zakhar, "when a woman gives birth to a male".
Neusner's academic contribution to understand midrashic nuances is in the best tradition of form-critical scholarship.
As indicated by the title, this volume traces the Watchers traditions from their ancient Near Eastern antecedents to early Christian, midrashic, and targumic literature.
According to Midrashic loreas per Genesis 11:1the first language on Earth was Hebrew, spoken by everyone, everywhere.
In Basel, thirty-seven Yiddish books were printed, including descriptions of the language by Christian Humanists, collections of liturgical hymns (zmires), prayer collections (birkat ha-mazon), supplication prayers (tkines), customals (minhogim), behavioral guides, midrashic epic, fables, edifying prose narrative, and mystical literature.
Jesus matures from a showy childhood -- midrashic stories of clay birds taking flight, and childhood bullies raised from the dead, are shared -- to become a responsible young adult soon bitten by the travel bug.
Ziegler creatively demonstrates that midrashic readings can reveal deep strata of textual meaning, and combines these insights with classical and contemporary scholarship to uncover the religious messages of this beautifully crafted story.
It's found in Midrashic tales such as Sarah casting the evil eye on Hagar, and Jacob hiding Dinah in a box to protect her from Esau's evil eye.
Contributors in Jewish and Hebrew studies seek to enlarge the perspective on Midrash and midrashic creativity to show how it is a fundamental form of Jewish culture and has maintained an identifiable coherence and integrity in all its expressions over the course of two millennia.
There are also references to him having been a member of a small Protestant church for a time and of visiting "the Yeshivah bookshop in Gateshead ('Lehmann's') to find some obscure Midrashic texts".
But the midrashic experience, even if not labeled as such, extends well beyond the realm of the rabbis.