In 1992, scientist discovered the first Mimivirus
, a 1,200-gene specimen measuring twice the width of traditional viruses, buried beneath layers of melting frost in the Russian tundra.
Circulation among Wild and Domestic Mammals, Amazon Region, Brazil
The proteomes of two giant DNA viruses (giruses), the Mimivirus
and Pandoravirus, were also analyzed.
Viruses infecting eukaryotic hosts remain less well characterized, although recent metagenomic efforts have begun to elucidate the distribution of nucleo-cytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDVs) and Mimivirus
gene homologs in pelagic samples as part of the Tara Oceans project (Hingamp et al., 2013).
, the microbe was so large that researchers could see it with a light microscope.
Son yillarda bu listeye once enterovirus, PIV tip 4, mimivirus
, daha sonra sirasiyla 2001 yilinda "insan metapnomovirus" (hMPV), 2003 yilinda koronavirusler (SARS'dan sorumlu CoV, HCoV NL63 ve HKUT), 2005' de "human Bocavirus" (HBoV), parvovirus tip 4 ve 5, nihayet 2007'de de human polyomavirus KI (KIV) ve WU (WUV) gibi yeni etkenlerin eklendigi gorulmektedir (2).
Filipe Maia et al., "Single mimivirus
particles intercepted and imaged with an Xray laser," Nature, vol.
Like the Mimivirus
, previously thought to be the largest, it survives in freshwater amoebae.
It just beats the previous record holder, Mimivirus
, which was found in a water cooling tower in the UK in 1992.
(2004) described a giant DNA virus Mimivirus
, with unique morphological and genomic characteristics that has been classified as a member of a new distinct Nucleocytoplasmic Large DNA virus family, the Mimiviridae.
Ejemplos de ello son el virus de la hepatitis C (VHC), el metaneumovirus humano (MNVH) y el mimivirus