The evolution of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EHA) into the 2004 IDEIA has been instrumental in ensuring that all students, including African Americans, are not misidentified, misassessed, miscategorized, misplaced, and misinstructed
. The major focus of providing students with a Free and Appropriate Public Education in the LRE (least restricted environment) offers some improvement in the lives of African American students who live and function with exceptionalities (Andrews et al., 2000).
Supreme Court, where Justice Felix Frankfurter denied Merrill's claim on the grounds: "Ignorance of the law is no excuse; people are expected to know the law even if it appears in an obscure federal publication such as the Federal Register" (even if they are negligently misinstructed
by government employees).