These proceed chronologically, examining in turn: Sulla's treaty, the Mithradatic
Wars, Carrhae, the Civil Wars, the Augustan period, the Julio-Claudians, Flavians, Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan period.
However, when Athens rose against Rome in the First Mithradatic
War, and was defeated in 86 BCE, the remaining library was taken by Sulla back to Rome as spoils of war.
Consequently, Dr Mayor comes unstuck when she attempts to draw 'parallels' between today's world crises and the Mithradatic
Wars as a 'war on terror'.
Licinius Lucullus in 74, ambition drove him to extraordinary lengths to get the Senate to set this assignment aside and grant him Cilicia and command of the Mithradatic
War instead.(42) Indeed, the sortes imposed no obligation upon a magistrate to command a province at all.
Parthenius was captured in the third Mithradatic
war and taken to Italy.
The initial success of the so-called Mithradatic
Wars have to be understood in the light of the internal turmoil that was plaguing Rome.
In the First Mithradatic War (89-85 BC) Mithradates' armies routed Aquillius and his reluctant coalition of client kings.
In 83 BC the Second Mithradatic War began when Licinius Murena, a Roman commander seeking glory, invaded Pontus without Senate approval.
The cryptic Antikythera Mechanism, arguably the world's first computer, may have been one of his prized possessions: it was discovered in a Roman shipwreck loaded with treasures looted near the end of the Mithradatic Wars.
In 75 BC as Rome reeled from Sulla's savage proscriptions as well as slave revolts and wars in Gaul, Italy and Spain, the Third Mithradatic War broke out.
This year saw the appearance of an important study of the impact of Rome's Mithradatic Wars on civilian populations by Toni Naco del Hoyo and colleagues.
corrects a widespread misconception, but the attendant discussion of the fragment's corrupt lex [dagger]Lucania fratra[dagger] fuit might have given more thought to Landgraf's and Renehan's conjecture parata (86--87); he commendably rejects attempts to date the outbreak of the Third Mithradatic
War to 73 rather than 74 B.C.