mitigating


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mit·i·gate

 (mĭt′ĭ-gāt′)
tr.v. mit·i·gat·ed, mit·i·gat·ing, mit·i·gates
1. To make less severe or intense; moderate or alleviate. See Synonyms at relieve.
2. To make alterations to (land) to make it less polluted or more hospitable to wildlife.
Phrasal Verb:
mitigate against Usage Problem
1. To take measures to moderate or alleviate (something).
2. To be a strong factor against (someone or something); hinder or prevent.

[Middle English mitigaten, from Latin mītigāre, mītigāt- : mītis, soft + agere, to drive, do; see act.]

mit′i·ga·ble (-gə-bəl) adj.
mit′i·ga′tion n.
mit′i·ga′tive, mit′i·ga·to′ry (-gə-tôr′ē) adj.
mit′i·ga′tor n.
Usage Note: Mitigate, meaning "to make less severe, alleviate" is sometimes used where militate, which means "to cause a change," might be expected. The confusion arises when the subject of mitigate is an impersonal factor or influence, and the verb is followed by the preposition against, so the meaning of the phrase is something like "to be a powerful factor against" or "to hinder or prevent," as in His relative youth might mitigate against him in a national election. Some 70 percent of the Usage Panel rejected this usage of mitigate against in our 2009 survey. Some 56 percent also rejected the intransitive use of mitigate meaning "to take action to alleviate something undesirable," in What steps can the town take to mitigate against damage from coastal storms? Perhaps the use with against in the one instance has soured Panelists on its use in the other. This intransitive use is relatively recent in comparison with the long-established transitive use, so novelty might play a role as well.

mitigating

(ˈmɪtɪɡeɪtɪŋ)
adj
(of a case, factor, or circumstance) lessening the impact of something such as a crime or mistake
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

mitigating

adjective extenuating, qualifying, justifying, moderating, vindicating, palliative, exculpatory, exonerative, vindicatory The judge heard that there were mitigating circumstances.
Translations

mitigating

[ˈmɪtɪgeɪtɪŋ] adj [factor] → atténuant(e)
There are various mitigating factors → Il existe divers facteurs atténuants.
mitigating circumstances → circonstances atténuantes
References in classic literature ?
Will wished that she would speak and bring some mitigating shadow across his own cruel speech, which seemed to stand staring at them both in mockery of any attempt at revived fellowship.
I was beginning to relent towards my wretched partner; to pity his forlorn, comfortless condition, unalleviated as it is by the consolations of intellectual resources and the answer of a good conscience towards God; and to think I ought to sacrifice my pride, and renew my efforts once again to make his home agreeable and lead him back to the path of virtue; not by false professions of love, and not by pretended remorse, but by mitigating my habitual coldness of manner, and commuting my frigid civility into kindness wherever an opportunity occurred; and not only was I beginning to think so, but I had already begun to act upon the thought - and what was the result?
Here also the firmness of the judicial magistracy is of vast importance in mitigating the severity and confining the operation of such laws.
The intended slight was emphasised by the fact that even the Reggie Chiverses, who were of the Mingott clan, were among those inflicting it; and by the uniform wording of the notes, in all of which the writers "regretted that they were unable to accept," without the mitigating plea of a "previous engagement" that ordinary courtesy prescribed.
The city's disaster mitigating office said rescuers evacuated families to shelters, like village halls or gymnasiums.
'The grant will contribute to preventing climate change and mitigating its impacts, which are essential for sustainable development and economic growth.'
Local government units (LGUs) should have used their calamity funds in mitigating the impact of the dry spell on agricultural productivity rather than in less important activities that are so-called capacity building.
'Before undergoing the training, we even did not have technical knowledge of risks, hazards and disasters but now we are completely aware of them all and are well prepared for mitigating them,' he said.
DA3/4aferovic told reporters today that he saw the good work of the cantonal and local authorities in mitigating the consequences of natural disasters, the most important thing being the need to help the population in parts affected by floods and landslides.
The CONRAC maintains a well-diversified mix of rental car operators with no one operator possessing more than 21% of market share, partially mitigating service reduction risk.
At the meeting, the sides discussed mitigating the consequences of the Aral catastrophe, water pollution and improvement of the ecological condition in the region, as well as consolidation of efforts of the Central Asian countries in this direction.