mitochondria


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Related to mitochondria: Mitochondrial disease, Mitochondria DNA
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mitochondrion

mi·to·chon·dri·on

 (mī′tə-kŏn′drē-ən)
n. pl. mi·to·chon·dri·a (-drē-ə)
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy.

[New Latin : Greek mitos, warp thread + Greek khondrion, diminutive of khondros, grain, granule; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]

mi′to·chon′dri·al (-drē-əl) adj.

mitochondria

Structures in a cell’s cytoplasm that play a major role in the breakdown of food molecules to release energy.
Translations

mi·to·chon·dri·a

n. mitocondria, filamentos microscópicos del citoplasma que constituyen la fuente principal de energía de la célula.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tiny organelles known as mitochondria are the body's equivalent of the batteries that power electrical devices.
The flies were fed a diet supplemented with nicotinamide, which is a precursor to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), a coenzyme needed for the generation of energy in cells' mitochondria.
org/what-is-mitochondrial-disease/) mutations in the DNA of their mitochondria, battery-like structures in cell tissue that provide energy, from passing along mutations during pregnancy by replacing a mother's malfunctioning mitochondria with a healthy donor's.
Functioning mitochondria play a decisive role in cellular homeostasis, but what happens when an important player of the anti-stress program in mitochondria is switched off?
For a "three-parent baby," getting disease-free mitochondrial DNA from a surrogate may do more than just avert disease: For better or for worse, a donor's mitochondria could also affect the course of aging, new research shows.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Malfunctioning mitochondria -- the power plants in cells -- are behind the damage caused by strokes, heart attacks, and neurodegenerative diseases, but little has been known about how to stop these reactors from melting down, destroying cells and tissue.
It comes after an international team of scientists, led by a Newcastle doctor, have for the first time shown that mitochondria, the batteries of the cells, are essential for ageing.
It comes after an interna tional team of scientists, led by a Newcastle doctor, have for the first time shown that mitochondria - the "batter ies" of the cells - are essential for ageing.
The Functions, Disease-Related Dysfunctions, and Therapeutic Targeting of Neuronal Mitochondria
It has been proposed that this phenomenon maybe involved in the protection mechanism of mitochondria during exercise or during other stressful conditions [2].
The new drug is based on a compound of a metal called osmium, and works by forcing cancer cells to use their mitochondria to generate energy needed to function.
Mitochondria determine whether cells live or die and they regulate inflammation.