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Related to mitochondria: Mitochondrial disease, Mitochondria DNA
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n. pl. mi·to·chon·dri·a (-drē-ə)
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy.

[New Latin : Greek mitos, warp thread + Greek khondrion, diminutive of khondros, grain, granule; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]

mi′to·chon′dri·al (-drē-əl) adj.


Structures in a cell’s cytoplasm that play a major role in the breakdown of food molecules to release energy.


n. mitocondria, filamentos microscópicos del citoplasma que constituyen la fuente principal de energía de la célula.
References in periodicals archive ?
7, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- MitoQ, the world's first antioxidant formula able to penetrate mitochondria to deliver antioxidants in meaningful levels has been selected for the USA's National Institute of Aging's (NIA) Interventions Testing Program (ITP) -- an internationally renowned anti- aging testing program funded by the US Government, announced Randy Strong, NIA spokesperson and principal investigator for the ITP Research Program.
The mitochondria are tiny organelles that are often overlooked in the treatment of disease.
An article published in Molecular Nutrition and Food Research reports that a compound found in green tea may kill oral cancer cells by triggering a process in the mitochondria, which leads to cell death while leaving healthy cells alone.
Mitochondria are found in nearly every cell of the body, and defective mitochondria leave the body with insufficient energy to function.
The mitochondria is responsible for the energy production in the blood vessel cells and regulation of inflammation.
Mitochondria determine whether cells live or die and they regulate inflammation.
Mitochondria are organelles that occur by the hundred in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.
A long-standing question in cell biology has been how membrane-rich mitochondria receive lipids synthesized in the ER in the absence of vesicular transport between the two organelles.
17-18: 4th World Congress on Targeting Mitochondria, Berlin, Germany: ISANH, E-mail: mitochondria@targeting-mitochondria.
The mother's DNA and the father's DNA would be moved into a cell which has healthy mitochondria - structures in a cell.
These cellular power plants are called mitochondria.
The improvements in muscle performance were linked with increases in mitochondria - the 'powerhouses' of cells, research published in The Journal of Physiology found.