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Related to mitochondrion: lysosome
n. pl. mi·to·chon·dri·a (-drē-ə)
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells, containing genetic material and many enzymes important for cell metabolism, including those responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy.
[New Latin : Greek mitos, warp thread + Greek khondrion, diminutive of khondros, grain, granule; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]
mi′to·chon′dri·al (-drē-əl) adj.
n, pl -dria (-drɪə)
(Biology) a small spherical or rodlike body, bounded by a double membrane, in the cytoplasm of most cells: contains enzymes responsible for energy production. Also called: chondriosome
[C19: New Latin, from Greek mitos thread + khondrion small grain]
mi•to•chon•dri•on(ˌmaɪ təˈkɒn dri ən)
n., pl. -dri•a (-dri ə)
an organelle in the cell cytoplasm that has its own DNA, inherited solely from the maternal line, and that produces enzymes essential for energy metabolism. Abbr.: mt See diag. at cell.
[1900–05; < Greek míto(s) thread + chóndrion small grain]
A structure in the cytoplasm of all cells except bacteria in which food molecules are broken down in the presence of oxygen and converted to energy in the form of ATP. Mitochondria contain their own DNA. See more at cell.
(pl. mitochondria) A rod-shaped organelle inside a cell that is a site of energy release.
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|Noun||1.||mitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy|
sarcosome - a large mitochondrion in a striated muscle fiber