dementia

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de·men·tia

 (dĭ-mĕn′shə)
n.
Loss of cognitive abilities, including memory, concentration, communication, planning, and abstract thinking, resulting from brain injury or from a disease such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease. It is sometimes accompanied by emotional disturbance and personality changes.

[Latin dēmentia, madness, from dēmēns, dēment-, senseless; see dement.]

de·men′tial adj.

dementia

(dɪˈmɛnʃə; -ʃɪə)
n
(Pathology) a state of serious emotional and mental deterioration, of organic or functional origin
[C19: from Latin: madness; see dement]

de•men•tia

(dɪˈmɛn ʃə, -ʃi ə)

n.
severely impaired memory and reasoning ability, usu. with disturbed behavior, associated with damaged brain tissue.
[1800–10; < Latin dēmentia madness <dē- de- + mēns mind + -ia -ia]
de•men′tial, adj.

dementia

madness or insanity. Cf. amentia.
See also: Insanity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dementia - mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
insanity - relatively permanent disorder of the mind
alcohol amnestic disorder, alcoholic dementia, Korsakoff's psychosis, Korsakoff's syndrome, Korsakov's psychosis, Korsakov's syndrome, polyneuritic psychosis - dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact
presenile dementia - dementia with onset before the age of 65
senile dementia, senile psychosis - dementia of the aged; results from degeneration of the brain in the absence of cerebrovascular disease

dementia

noun
Serious mental illness or disorder impairing a person's capacity to function normally and safely:
Psychiatry: mania.
Psychology: aberration, alienation.
Translations
demence
demens
dementia
demencijasilpnaprotystė
demens

dementia

[dɪˈmenʃɪə] Ndemencia f
senile dementiademencia f senil

dementia

[dɪˈmɛnʃiə dɪˈmɛnʃə] ndémence fdemerara sugar [ˌdɛmərɛərəˈʃʊgər] (British) nsucre m roux, cassonade f

dementia

nSchwachsinn m, → Demenz f (spec); dementia praecoxJugendirresein nt, → Dementia praecox f (spec)

dementia

[dɪˈmɛnʃɪə] n (Med) → demenza

de·men·ti·a

n. demencia, locura; declinación de las funciones mentales;
___ paralytica___ paralítica;
___ praecox___ precoz, esquizofrenia;
organic ______ orgánica;
senile ______ senil.

dementia

n demencia; Alzheimer’s — demencia de Alzheimer, demencia tipo Alzheimer; — pugilistica demencia pugilística; multi-infarct — (ant) demencia vascular, demencia multiinfarto (ant); vascular — demencia vascular
References in periodicals archive ?
1] The three most common dementia subtypes are Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and mixed dementia (combined AD and VaD pathology), among which AD is the most common type, accounting for 60-70% of all cases, with a prevalence of approximately 1% in those aged 60-64 years, which increases to 40% in those aged 85 years or older.
TABLE 1 Impairment of these activities suggests cognitive decline (14,15) Activities of daily living Bathing, dressing, toileting/continence, transferring/ambulation, and eating Instrumental activities of daily living Ability to use the telephone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, mode of transportation, responsibility for own medication, and ability to handle finances TABLE 2 Possible causes of dementia Alzheimer's disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Dementia with Lewy bodies Frontotemporal dementia (also known as frontotemporal lobar degeneration) HIV-related encephalopathy Mixed dementia Multiple sclerosis Traumatic brain injury Vascular dementia Wernike-Korsakoff syndrome HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.
Charlie is profoundly autistic and has complex learning disabilities, while Catherine's father has Asperger's Syndrome and her grandfather has mixed dementia.
Joy had a wonderful life with husband Greg, who had been living with mixed dementia and she will be bringing her experience of that very difficult time to the role.
In different types of dementia such as vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, mixed dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies, there is damage to different parts of the brain.
A The term mixed dementia is often used to describe a combination of vascular dementia (caused by reduced blood flow to the brain) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Use of antidepressants was roughly similar across various dementia diagnoses, ranging from 22% of patients with mixed dementia and 23% of those with Alzheimer's disease to a high of 32% among patients with Parkinson's disease dementia.
After her death in 2012 from mixed dementia - a combination of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia - Sally realised her experiences, including the questions she'd asked but never had answered during the course of Mamie's illness, could be beneficial in some way if shared.
With regard to type of dementia, 64% were diagnosed as Alzheimer's dementia, 27% as vascular dementia, 7% as mixed dementia, and 2% as other.
The rest of the cases are caused by multiple diseases including fronto-temporal dementia, mixed dementia, brain tumours, B12 deficiency and others.