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A reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing several rare-earth elements, (Ce, La, Nd, Y, Th)PO4, important as a source of cerium and thorium.
[Greek monazein, to live alone; see monastery + -ite.]
(Minerals) a yellow to reddish-brown mineral consisting of a phosphate of thorium, cerium, and lanthanum in monoclinic crystalline form
[C19: from German, from Greek monazein to live alone, so called because of its rarity]
a reddish brown mineral, a phosphate of cerium, lanthanum, and thorium, (Ce, La, Th)PO4: the principal ore of thorium.
[< German Monazit (1829)]
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|Noun||1.||monazite - a reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium|
atomic number 58, Ce, cerium - a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group
atomic number 60, Nd, neodymium - a yellow trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs in monazite and bastnasite in association with cerium and lanthanum and praseodymium
atomic number 59, Pr, praseodymium - a soft yellowish-white trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; can be recovered from bastnasite or monazite by an ion-exchange process
atomic number 62, samarium, Sm - a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
atomic number 65, Tb, terbium - a metallic element of the rare earth group; used in lasers; occurs in apatite and monazite and xenotime and ytterbite
atomic number 90, thorium, Th - a soft silvery-white tetravalent radioactive metallic element; isotope 232 is used as a power source in nuclear reactors; occurs in thorite and in monazite sands
atomic number 69, thulium, Tm - a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group; isotope 170 emits X-rays and is used in small portable X-ray machines; it occurs in monazite and apatite and xenotime
atomic number 70, Yb, ytterbium - a soft silvery metallic element; a rare earth of the lanthanide series; it occurs in gadolinite and monazite and xenotime
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition