monellin


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monellin

(məˈnɛlɪn; ˈmɒnəˌlɪn)
n
(Chemistry) chem an extremely sweet protein obtained from the African plant Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii
References in periodicals archive ?
A milieu of potential natural HIS sweetening molecules exist, including brazzein, pentadin, curculin, mabinlin, miraculin, monellin and thaumatin, all of which are established natural polypeptide/ protein-based sweeteners.
Artificial Sugars sweeteners D-amino acids Sweet proteins Examples: Examples: Examples: Examples: * sucrose * saccharin * D-alanine * monellin * fructose * aspartame * D-phenylalanine * curculin * glucose * neotame * D-serine * thaumatin * maltose * sucralose Found in: Found in: Found in: Found in: * aged cheese * serendipity * fruits * candy * aged meat berry * milk * breakfast * Curculigo * pasta bars latifolia * honey * canned berries fruits * Thaumatococcus * soft daniellii drinks berries SOURCE: J.CHANDRASHEKAR ET AL./NATURE 2006
It contains the protein monellin. Problems of instability and early loss of sweetness properties are evident, particularly when exposed to heat and low pH.
Scientists already know the structures of two other sweet proteins, thaumatin and monellin (SN: 5/10/97, p.