mongolism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to mongolism: mongoloid

mon·gol·ism

also Mon·gol·ism  (mŏng′gə-lĭz′əm, mŏn′-)
n. Offensive
Down syndrome.

[From Mongolian, term used in a system of classification devised by British physician John Langdon Haydon Down (1828-1896) in which different types of intellectual disability were associated with non-Caucasian racial categories (the epicanthic folds typical of persons with Down syndrome leading him to associate them with Central and East Asian populations).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

mongolism

(ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) pathol a formerly used and now highly offensive name for Down's syndrome
Usage: See at Down's syndrome
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

mon•gol•ism

(ˈmɒŋ gəˌlɪz əm, ˈmɒn-)

n.
(sometimes cap.) (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome.
[1895–1900]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

mongolism

Medicine. the abnormal condition of a child born mentally deficient, with a flattened skull, narrow slanting eyes, and a short, flat-bridged nose. Now usually called Down’s syndrome. — mongolic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosomemongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
trisomy - chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

mongolism

[ˈmɒŋgəlɪzəm] Nmongolismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

mongolism

n (Med) (neg!)Downsyndrom nt, → Mongolismus m (neg!)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

mongolism

[ˈmɒŋgəˌlɪzm] n (offensive) → mongolismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
In number of conditions such as Schizophrenia, Turner's syndrome and Congenital heart defect, Mongolism, Down's syndrome, Broad thumb syndrome, Great toe syndrome this triradial point gets displaced.
Penrose LS, 1949, The incidence of Mongolism in the general population.
Yet another term "Mongolism" is based on stereotypical ideas of certain groups of individuals with disabilities.
Goldstein, "Aberrant subclavian artery in mongolism," The American Journal of Roentgenology Radium Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, vol.
Butler, "Mongolism (down's syndrome) and keratoconus," The British journal of ophthalmology, vol.
Down's syndrome, or "Mongolism" as it was known, in a child further influenced parents' choice more readily.
The reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical and hydrogen peroxide- hold a pivotal role in the establishment of diseases such arthritis diabetes, aging, immunosuppression, asthma, dementia, mongolism, carcinoma and parkinson's disease [6].
Langdon Down uses ethnic characteristics to classify the intellectually handicapped residents of a British asylum, resulting in the term "Mongolism."
Modesta, however, quickly recognizes in him the same malady that her dead sister had (what she calls "mongolism": Down syndrome), and realizes that with careful handling, she can become his wife while finding sexual satisfaction elsewhere.