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Related to mongolism: mongoloid
mon·gol·ismalso Mon·gol·ism (mŏng′gə-lĭz′əm, mŏn′-)
[From Mongolian, term used in a system of classification devised by British physician John Langdon Haydon Down (1828-1896) in which different types of intellectual disability were associated with non-Caucasian racial categories (the epicanthic folds typical of persons with Down syndrome leading him to associate them with Central and East Asian populations).]
(Pathology) pathol a formerly used and now highly offensive name for Down's syndrome
Usage: See at Down's syndrome
mon•gol•ism(ˈmɒŋ gəˌlɪz əm, ˈmɒn-)
(sometimes cap.) (no longer in technical use) Down syndrome.
Medicine. the abnormal condition of a child born mentally deficient, with a flattened skull, narrow slanting eyes, and a short, flat-bridged nose. Now usually called Down’s syndrome. — mongolic, adj.See also: Disease and Illness
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|Noun||1.||mongolism - a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation|
birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder - a defect that is present at birth
trisomy - chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell