Genes responsible for producing mycotoxins by different fungal isolates from varies crop types Type of fungi Crops Aspergillus flavus -- Aspergillus flavus -- Aspergillus flavus Soybeen Aspergillus niger Corn, Rice, Nut Aspergillus flavus Aspergillus fumigatus Aspergillus carbonarius Aspergillus tobingensis Wheat Fusarium sporotrichioides Penicillium expansum Fusarium graminearuium MTCC 2089 Rice, Finger millet Fusarium graminearuium ITCC 1805 Fusarium graminearuium MTCC 1893 Fusarium graminearuium MTCC 1894 Fusarium sporotrichioides MTCC 2081 Fusarium solani ITCC 3359 Fusarium culmorum ITCC 149 Fusarium moniliform
MTCC 156 Fusarium moniliform
ITCC 3362 Fusarium moniliform
NCIM 1099 Fusarium proliferatum MTCC 286 Fusarium proliferatum NCIM 1101 Colletotrichum sp.
Cutaneous examination revealed bilateral beaded eyelids giving moniliform
Cystidia 65.0-79.0 x 6.2-10.0 [micro]m, clavate, constricted to moniliform
towards the apex, thin- to somewhat thick-walled, with basal clamp.
It is typically characterized by hoarseness from early infancy, together with various cutaneous manifestations such as waxy papules, acneiform scarring, and eyelid beading (moniliform
blepharosis) (1, 2).
Duckling toxicology and the production of fumonisin and moniliform
in by isolates in the A and F mating populations of Gibberella fujikuroi (Fusarium moniliforme).
[sup] The defining ultrastructural feature of TCs is the presence of special thin, long and uneven caliber (moniliform
) prolongations termed telopodes (Tps).
blue to purple (occasionally white) pentagonal corollas and moniliform
Head short and wide with fine and coarse punctation; frontal carina present with flattened area at apex; transversal sulcus absent; width of frons 0.83 times the width of eye; ocular sinus 0.53 the eye length; postocular lobe narrow; antennomeres 1, 3-4 filiform, 2 moniliform
, 5-10 eccentric, 11 pointed apically; antennomeres 3-4 shorter than 2, 5-6 and 11 about as long as wide, 7-10 wider than long; antennae reaching humerus.
The lesions appear as a small flesh coloured papules along the margin of upper and lower eyelid12 also known as moniliform
The DSE fungal colonization was characterized by regularly septate, melanized or hyaline hyphae with microsclerotia or moniliform
Paired dorso-ventral commissuralvessels: In 4-8, slender tubes; in 9-11, thick moniliform