Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (mō′nĭz′əm, mŏn′ĭz′əm)
n. Philosophy
1. The view in metaphysics that reality is a unified whole and that all existing things can be ascribed to or described by a single concept or system.
2. The doctrine that mind and matter are formed from, or reducible to, the same ultimate substance or principle of being.

mo′nist n.
mo·nis′tic (mō-nĭs′tĭk, mŏ-) adj.
mo·nis′ti·cal·ly adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.monistic - of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of monism; "the monistic school would regard national law and international law as an integrated whole"- J.S.Roucek
References in classic literature ?
In the article on "The Monistic Theory of Truth" in "Philosophical Essays" (Longmans, 1910), reprinted from the "Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society," 1906-7.
These typologies, in turn, explain critical institutional features of non-democratic regimes (for example, totalitarian regimes have a monistic centre of power, an ideology, and large-scale mobilization of the citizenry [p.
A case could be made that, at its deepest level, Mesoamerican thought has gone far beyond such dualism and rests on a monistic, pantheistic foundation in which apparent diversity in the spiritual and natural realms is simply a surface feature obscuring an encompassing unity.
9] Moreover, when we refrain from beginning our study of Herder with the assumption that his pluralism is the "wheat" that can and should be separated from the "chaff" th at surrounds it (to employ one of Berlin's favorite expressions), we discover a thinker who viewed this attempt at mediation as a necessary supplement to his pluralistic insights, without which he believed they would be far more likely to become a source of psychological torment and theoretical confusion than a guarantor of tolerance for diversity or an opportunity for Western man to liberate himself from monistic prejudices.
A major assumption of this activity, as shown by Moshe Hallamish who learned the work of Menahem Mendel, is a monistic outlook.
What makes these valuable - and Sher's perfectionism monistic - is that they all grow out of fundamental human capacities "whose 'exercise is both nearuniversal and near-inescapable" (p.
The positions I've talked about thus far have been monistic in the sense that they have regarded either the spiritual or the temporal as primary and encompassing, with the subordinate term being viewed as a subdivision of the primary or preferred category.
Similarly, in "Eskil Masal" Queen Nefertiti of Egypt finds spiritual solace in 'a symbol that transcends both the duality involved in orthodox Egyptian religion and the monistic theology of her husband Akhenaton.
This certainly supports the denial of monistic ambitions that the editors espouse at the outset; but it also suggests that the real value of the collection lies in its contribution to theoretical pluralism--to its editors' creation of a space in which otherwise neglected topics and approaches might be addressed, rather than in their frequently intimated desire to annihilate one theoretical monolith and replace it with another.
Their 'phylogenetic species concept' is monistic with regard to grouping: organisms classified together should be monophyletic, that is, descended from a single ancestral organism or (cohesive) group of organisms.
Such a strong monistic axiom erases all the major distinctions upon which most Western philosophy stands: the contrast between magic and religion, and between conscious beings and those without consciousness, between matter and spirit, between natural and supernatural, between subject and object, between magic and religion, and between demons and gods.
Why should a monistic cosmos which is identified with God lead us to respect the vulnerable more than the powerful?