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1. The practice or condition of having only one wife at a time.
2. Zoology
a. A mating pattern in which a male mates with one female in a single breeding season.
b. The condition of having only one queen. Used of an insect colony.

mo·nog′y·nist n.
mo·nog′y·nous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.monogynous - having one head or chief wife at a time (along with concubines)monogynous - having one head or chief wife at a time (along with concubines)
monogamous - (used of relationships and of individuals) having one mate; "monogamous marriage"; "monogamous for life"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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Differences in worker size and mound distribution in monogynous and polygynous colonies of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren.
In fact, this trade-off has been detected in the nanitics of the monogynous ant Camponotus japonicus Mayr, 1866 [5].
The colonies are usually monogynous and small, often with only 10-20 or fewer adult workers, and no nest with more than about 30 workers have been seen.
In the red fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, a single gene seems to largely determine whether colonies are monogynous or polygynous, and this difference has cascading effects on colony organization, reproductive strategy and tolerance of disturbance (Krieger and Ross, 2002).
He studies the activities of bees in constructing honeycombs, the discipline of cranes in flight, the relationship between storks and crows, the monogynous turtle-dove, and many other creatures.(17) His astute observations seem to intensify his appreciation for them.
Because workers are responsible for brood care, Trivers and Hare (1976) applied the theory of kin selection to predict that monogynous colonies, such as found for Aphaenogaster rudis (Crozier 1973), should have a female bias in reproductive biomass investment of 3:1.
By contrast, significant microstructuring seems to be rare in monogynous ant species, where it has never been reported.