These include (to paraphrase and simplify the discussion by Vences and colleagues): (1) Any named taxon should correspond to a monophyletic group (=a clade), (2) The monophyly
hypothesis should encompass ".
Classification and phylogeny of the Superfamily Platanistoidea, with notes on evidence of the monophyly
of the Cetacea.
Phylogenomic analyses support the monophyly
of Excavata and resolve relationships among eukaryotic "supergroups".
Such sex ratio patterns would be congruent with an old hypothesis of the relationship of Sialidae being closest to Chauliodinae (Weele, 1910), which is supported by a morphological phylogeny (Contreras-Ramos, 2004); however, this hypothesis does not agree with the accepted monophyly
of Corydalidae (Table 1; Glorioso, 1981; New and Theischinger, 1993), nor with more current phylogenetic studies (Aspock el al.
and Molecular Divergence of Peninsular Malaysia's Macaca fascicularis fascicularis.
of Acerentomidae was already supported by the analysis of 67 morphological characters for 35 species of Acerentomata (Shrubovych 2014).
The most important finding is that Podismini did not constitute monophyly
as previously suggested in Chintauan-Marquier et al.
Morton CM, Kron KA, Chase MW (1997) A molecular evaluation of the monophyly
of the order Ebenales based upon rbcL sequence data.
2001) about the genus Rhipicephalus also supports monophyly
of the Boophilus clade; however, this evidence did not solve the relationships among R.
of the Grammatidae and of the Notograptidae, with evidence for their phylogenetic positions among perciforms.
The two probabilistic phylogenetic algorithms, Maximum Likelihood (ML) and Bayesian Inference (BI), applied on 68 sequences of the two mitochondrial genes (34 cytochrome b and 34 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1), retrieved reciprocal monophyly
of the two species.
Phylogenetic analyses of these sequences demonstrate monophyly
and a low degree of interhost variability ([greater than or equal to] 94% nt identity).