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n. pl. mon·o·po·di·a (-dē-ə)
A main axis of a plant, such as the trunk of a spruce, that maintains a single line of growth, giving off lateral branches.

[New Latin, from Late Latin monopodius, one-footed, from Greek monopous : mono-, mono- + pous, pod-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

mon′o·po′di·al (-dē-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On maturity, the data were recorded for morphological characters viz., node number of first fruiting branch, node number of first effective boll formation, node height up to first fruiting branch, plant height, monopodial branches per plant, sympodial branches per plant, bolls per plant, seed cotton yield per plant and within-boll yield components like boll weight, seeds per boll, lint mass per boll, lint percentage (%), seed cotton per seed and lint per seed, from randomly selected five plants.
Um tronco ou um ramo formado pelo encadeamento de eixos com crescimento determinado se conhece como ramo ou tronco simpodial enquanto um tronco ou ramo formado por um so eixo indeterminado e um ramo ou tronco monopodial. Um tronco simpodial tambem e formado pelo encadeamento de eixos mistos (HALLE, 2009).
Cotton plants emerged during 15 March to 15 April compensated their delayed emergence by achieving maximum height, more number of bolls, monopodial and sympodial branches as well as early blooming and with higher economic returns for October picking.
At the early stages of individual development, monopodial growth of the leading shoot can be observed, which is changed by sympodial one in the juvenile or immature ontogenetic state.
Nitrogen 100kg [ha.sup.-1] produced more seed cotton yield due to more number of monopodial branches (where from vegetative parts develops) and sympodial branches (where from reproductive parts develops), bolls [plant.sup.-1], average boll weight and 100 cotton seed weight.
Those of the sympodial axis are different from those of the monopodial axis.
While the former is a monopodial bamboo with leptomorph rhizome, the latter is a sympodial bamboo with pachymorph rhizome.
Phalaenopsis es un genero de la familia Orquidaceae, conformado por aproximadamente 66 especies nativas en todo el mundo (Chu et al., 2012), presenta un crecimiento monopodial (crecimiento vertical definido), carecen de seudobulbos, las hojas son disticas y carnosas (Griesbach, 2002), Las flores son de diferentes tamanos y colores, que le confieren un aspecto atractivo como planta ornamental.