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n. pl. mon·o·po·di·a (-dē-ə)
A main axis of a plant, such as the trunk of a spruce, that maintains a single line of growth, giving off lateral branches.

[New Latin, from Late Latin monopodius, one-footed, from Greek monopous : mono-, mono- + pous, pod-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]

mon′o·po′di·al (-dē-əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -dia (-dɪə)
(Botany) the main axis of growth in the pine tree and similar plants: the main stem, which elongates from the tip and gives rise to lateral branches. Compare sympodium
[C19: New Latin, from Greek monopous, from mono- + pous foot]
ˌmonoˈpodial adj
ˌmonoˈpodially adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The theme is clear in a monopodium at Galerie Chenel, which boasts a number of prestigious owners.
The results show that when shearing motion dominates, fibers orient in cyclonic rotation, whereas when stretching dominates, fibers exhibit monopodium stretching.
Continued development of the main axis results in a monopodium which gives off successive axes (lateral branches).