monopsychism


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monopsychism

the theory that all souls are actually a single unity. — mono-psychic, monopsychical, adj.
See also: Soul
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Ivry emphasizes, however, that Ibn Sina considered the soul as an individualized immaterial being, whereas Maimonides--ambiguous here on that point--subscribed elsewhere to the position of monopsychism. In other words, Maimonides rejected individual immortality and held that the intellect of the soul that has achieved conjunction with the Agent Intellect becomes one with it and all other similar souls.
(16) This accusation constitutes the core of Aquinas's attacks on Averroes's monopsychism in his later works, which reach their peak in the treatise specifically devoted to this controversy, De unitate intellectus contra Averroistas in 1270.
Monopsychism, or the thesis of the unity of the intellect, associated especially with the so-called 'second Averroism', states that there exists one separate (from the bodies) intellect for all humans as a guarantee of the universality of knowledge.
These included the theory of a universal world soul (monopsychism), the rationalist view of philosophy separated from faith and from the view of "natural" happiness associated with it, and the eternity of the world.
And so, the work's entire first part serves to undo some of the propositions that used to be associated with Averroism and that appear in the work as the baseless opinions of Andalici and Marrochitani philosophers, specifically the thesis about the eternity of the world and material psychology whose conclusion is the negation of the soul's immortality, which also constitutes a critique of Averroist monopsychism. The work also defends the idea of the constant action of the first cause (or God) over all creatures, that is to say divine providential action whose existence or possibility was questioned by Averroists.
Des Chene inadvertently reveals from the start that his expertise is rather limited in that direction, when on the very first page he describes Averroes's commentaries as "profoundly revisionary, and troubling," and then goes on to describe Averroistic monopsychism as the doctrine that all human beings share a single agent intellect.
JAEKYUNG LEE, "Aquinas and Siger in the Thirteenth Century Monopsychism Controversy." Adviser: Deborah Black.