Monosome - definition of monosome by The Free Dictionary
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1. A chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X chromosome.
2. A single ribosome.
mon′o·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.
(Biology) an unpaired chromosome, esp an X-chromosome in an otherwise diploid cell
mon•o•some (ˈmɒn əˌsoʊm)
1. a chromosome having no homologue, esp. an unpaired X chromosome.
2. a protein-synthetic complex involving the translation of a messenger RNA molecule by a single ribosome.
References in periodicals archive
Current research focuses on optimizing experimental conditions for improved separation of monosome
and polysome fractions in infected and control plant cells.
Total mRNA isolated from monosome
fractions of AO-0003 treated BJAB cells was also used for DNA microarray analysis; these data were processed and are plotted in Figure 3(a).
To quantify the proportion of ribosomes in the monoribosome (monosome
) and polyribosome (polysome) fractions, sucrose gradients with an EDTA-containing cushion were used to accumulate all of the different size classes of polysomes (measured as one large peak).
Genetic analysis of six primary monosomes
and one tertiary monosome
in Gossypium hirsutum.