monosome


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mon·o·some

 (mŏn′ə-sōm′)
n.
1. A chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X chromosome.
2. A single ribosome.

mon′o·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.
mon′o·so′my n.

monosome

(ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm)
n
(Biology) an unpaired chromosome, esp an X-chromosome in an otherwise diploid cell
monosomic adj

mon•o•some

(ˈmɒn əˌsoʊm)

n.
1. a chromosome having no homologue, esp. an unpaired X chromosome.
2. a protein-synthetic complex involving the translation of a messenger RNA molecule by a single ribosome.
[1920–25]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Current research focuses on optimizing experimental conditions for improved separation of monosome and polysome fractions in infected and control plant cells.
Total mRNA isolated from monosome fractions of AO-0003 treated BJAB cells was also used for DNA microarray analysis; these data were processed and are plotted in Figure 3(a).
To quantify the proportion of ribosomes in the monoribosome (monosome) and polyribosome (polysome) fractions, sucrose gradients with an EDTA-containing cushion were used to accumulate all of the different size classes of polysomes (measured as one large peak).