Influence of peripheral afferents on cortical and spinal motoneuron
Whereas, comparison of NDS in the ICN and ICD groups indicated that hyperglycemia profoundly impaired motoneuron
functions and post-ischemic recovery in the ICD group (figure 3).
Hreflexes (afferent excitation of the spinal motoneurons
) are reduced with massage illustrating spinal motoneuron
modulation (Behm et al.
Physiologically, hypotonia is characterized as a decrease of segmental excitability of the motoneuron
pool; thus, the compromised stretch reflex mechanism results in reduction of sensory-motor control.
Human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) overexpression in mice causes mitochondrial vacuolization, axonal degeneration, and premature motoneuron
death and accelerates motoneuron
disease in mice expressing a familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mutant SOD1," Neurobiology of Disease B, vol.
In cats, it results from activation of a reflex whose afferent fibres originate from the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve , and the efferent ones from the vagal motoneuron
, projecting to the phrenic nerve and laryngeal intrinsic muscles.
Abnormal acidic amino acids and N-acetylaspartylglutamate in hereditary canine motoneuron
disease, Brain Res 1993; 629: 305-9
Assessing the spastic condition of individuals with upper motoneuron
involvement: Validity of the myotonometer.
Frontera WR, Grimby L, Larsson L (1997) Firing rate of the lower motoneuron
and contractile properties of its muscle fibers after upper motoneuron
lesion in man.
Control of embryonic motoneuron
survival in vivo by ciliary neurotrophic factor.
Cutaneous nerve stimulation and motoneuron
excitability, I: soleus and tibialis anterior excitability after ipsilateral and contralateral sural nerve stimulation.
According to the publications, differential diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders should involve: hemiplegic cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele, chronic stage of poliomyelitis, and central motoneuron
lesions other than cerebral palsy such as brain or spinal cord tumors or infections (Beals 1969; Bobroff et al.