A tillage experiment, consisting of two treatments, mouldboard plough
(MP) and no tillage (NT), was established in a randomized complete block design with four replicates.
is the most efficient tillage implement for seed bed preparation and weed eradication in Pakistan.
The main tillage in CT was ploughing with a mouldboard plough
at a depth of 23-25 cm.
Three tillage treatments (conventional tillage (2-cultivation), tillage with mouldboard plough
+ 2-cultivation and tillage with chisel plough + 2-cultivation) were kept in main plots, while nitrogen application at different growth stages (Whole at sowing, 1/2 at sowing + 1/2 at V5 (5-leaf stage), 1/2 at sowing + 1/2 at tasseling, 1/2 at V5 + 1/2 at tasseling, 1/3 at sowing + 1/3 at V5 + 1/3 at tasseling) in sub-plots.
Performance Evaluation of an Enamel Coated Animal Drawn Mouldboard Plough
. International Scientific Conference, Rousse, Bulgaria, 0406, April 2002.
However, a long-term conventional tillage with mouldboard plough
causes severe SOM reduction in agricultural soils (Six et al., 2000) and is responsible for reducing soil organic carbon levels by up to 70% (Lal & Bruce, 1999).
The mouldboard plough
has one of the most complex shapes of tillage implements and has been developing for centuries.
In all but the mouldboard plough
plot, all tractor operations were carried out in 2 passes of 2.8-m-wide equipment using a medium tractor with rear tyres approximately 0.32 cm in width, so about 75% of plot area was unaffected by tractor wheels, unless deliberately compacted.
Keywords: Modeling, mouldboard plough
, soil degradation, tillage erosion, tillage translocation
The initial cultivation of Paddock B was performed on 30 March 2011 using a mouldboard plough
, which produced furrows 0.25 m deep and 0.40 m wide.
However, the surface morphology of the head of dung beetle was selected for modification of bulldozing plates and mouldboard plough
The conventional tillage (CT) system is based on a high intensity of soil engagement and inversion of the soil with mouldboard plough