Operated by the National Park Service, the role of the Ocmulgee National Monument is to present a story of many stages of prehistoric cultural development, emphasizing the influences of agriculture, the Mound Builder
period, and the relationship of these various cultures to each other and to life today.
With territorial dispossession of Indian lands a priority, people did not want to believe that contemporary Native Americans had a capacity for great works, because it was a lot easier to take land from "savages who could never use it 'properly' than from people who were capable of the level of culture implied by the great mounds and earthworks." (26) A myth that began developing in the waning years of the eighteenth century suggested in fact that these mounds were actually constructed by a white race destroyed by the modern Indians, the "Mound Builder
" race, a myth that would greatly amplify such land grab justifications.
They discuss who built the mounds; their excavation, chronology, and research on their meanings; Wisconsin before the mound builders
; early burial mound builders
in the Woodland period and middle and late Woodland stages; the effigy mound ceremonial complex; platform mound builders
of the Mississippian culture; burial mound construction and use in later times by the Oneota and others; and Indian mounds in the modern world, including legislation to preserve them, Native and scientific perspectives on them, and their legacy.
Beginning 7,500 years ago with the mound builders
and ending with New Orleans's continuing efforts to recover from Hurricane Katrina, Morris presents a sweeping interpretation of the lower valley's transformation from mainly wet to mainly dry.
A 22-foot high, 3D projection of the reconstructed Emeryville Shellmound- an original burial ground of the native Muwekema Ohlone Tribe- and artifacts recovered from the mound, interpreted by living descendants of the mound builders
LeAnne Howe sang a warrior's song and pointed out that Choctaws were mound builders
in the not too distant past.
The sight of this mammoth pile of earth, accommodating two smaller mounds, was constructed by people whom archeologists can only label as "mound builders
," and this sight never fails to awe.
and monument makers of the northern Great Lakes, 1200-1600.
The superb title poem, which concludes the volume, combines a visit to a Native American ceremony observed from a nearby hill (a scenario well described in an essay from Magpie Rising) with reminiscences of a past lover, mysterious visitations of maidens bearing honey and cream, fireflies, mound builders
, and tanager tongues.
filled with detailed drawings and illustrations partially supplemented or completed by Aubrey Wells after the death of the original author/illustrator, "The Story of the American Indian" presents background information on Mayans, Pueblos and cliff-dwellers, Mound Builders
, Iroquois, Lakota and other Plains Indian nations, Cherokee, Paiute and other Seed-Gatherers, Northwest Fishermen nations including Haida, Eskimos, Navajo, and other Indian American nations and tribes.
3-4 Descendants of the Mound Builders
In what he calls a "multi-colored quilt of Florida heritage and history," he weaves stories of Native-American mound builders
before the 1500s; Spanish explorers and settlers from the 1500s to the 1800s; Seminoles and Black Seminoles of the 1700s and 1800s; black history unique to Florida from the 1500s to the 1900s, and Florida's cowboys or "cow hunters" of the 1800s to today.