Measurement equivalence tests are used to determine whether a number of groups have the same understanding of a given construct and are often applied prior to conducting multigroup
analyses were also conducted to study the differential effects of the strategies across different types of teachers.
In this approach, the JD-R model (Figure 1) was simultaneously fitted in groups of either high or low Gf/WMC employees, i.e., we conducted 2 separate multigroup
invariance tests, one for high/ low WMC and one for low/high Gf groups.
Ganapol, The Analytical Solution to the Multigroup
Diffusion Equation in One - Dimensional Plane, Cylindrical and Spherical Geometries, Joint International Tropical on Mathematics and Computation and Supercomputing in Nuclear Application, 2007.
We conducted multigroup
CFA models to examine whether or not the components of the measurement model and the underlying theoretical structure were invariant across the male and female samples (Byrne, Shavelson, and Muthen, 1989).
First, it was necessary to calculate a model for each of the sub-samples (Negative and Positive Hedonic balance); then, we proceeded with a multigroup
analysis assuming equal variance for each of the factors as a restriction considering both samples.
First, to test configural invariance (i.e., the same set of items would be associated with the same construct; Cheung and Rensvold, 2002), we ran a multigroup
analysis with free parameters (configural model).
When we found such a model, we conducted further analyses to check for significant differences between the four different samples by estimating a multigroup