Surely, one reason the Left consistently favored the interests of workers in polluting plants over the broader interests of the public in a clean environment is that the old electoral rules in Japan (single nontransferrable vote, multimember
districts) put a premium on niche strategies.
Instead, candidates run from multimember
districts--and are selected in proportion to the vote their political party receives.
If people wanted to vote along racial or ethnic lines (which is far from a good idea in principle), then members of significant racial or ethnic minorities would be sure to elect one or two members of a multimember
district--even if the white majority itself voted along racial lines.
The 56 additional members will be chosen by proportional representation in the eight multimember
constituencies, each of which elects seven members.
First, to repair partisan links between the executive and legislative branches, Langston calls for "proportional representation in multimember
districts to the election of members of the House of Representatives"(p.
* Israel, which is an interesting one, involves proportional representation by voting for the party list in a multimember
This is because, with PR, legislative seats are weighted equally in multimember
Municipal annexations, court-ordered redistrictings, multimember
districting, at-large voting or majority vote rather than plurality requirements in elections, and other decisions by elected officials cannot go into effect until they are approved by staff attorneys in the Voting Rights Section of Justice's Civil Rights Division.
The big exception is for multimember
LLCs that are "small partnerships." An LLC is a "small partnership" if it has 100 or fewer members and if all of its members are either individuals, the estates of deceased individuals, C corporations or S corporations.
A legislature is a multimember
body, and different members may have different motives.
(27) Recently several scholars have argued that agency independence (or lack thereof) is actually a function of a number of factors, including budgetary autonomy, bipartisan and multimember
composition, and the extent of substantive oversight in addition to removal protection.
commission such as the National Labor Relations Board